In Afghanistan, Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) have been an important vehicle for the delivery of U.S. and international assistance outside of Kabul, particularly in unstable provinces. In FY2003, USAID Afghanistan established the PRT-QIP (Quick Impact Project) program, implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS). The purpose of the program was to provide USAID officers located at the PRTs with the ability to implement small projects (over 90 percent cost less than $350,000 per project) that further the core objectives of stability, reconstruction, and building support for the central government of Afghanistan.
As of August 2007 over 440 projects have been completed. The majority of these have been relatively small infrastructure projects, such as community irrigation systems, clean water supply, road improvements, small power systems, and the construction or rehabilitation of government buildings, schools, and clinics. In addition to infrastructure, QIP funds have been used to support government capacity building, job placement, micro-finance, gender-related activities, and media projects.