With an average of 15 liters of drinking water per person, per day, the current supply of water in Kabul continues to be extremely limited. The piped-water system operated by the Afghanistan Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Company (AUWSSC) covers the needs of less than 20 percent of the population. The ailing distribution system is highly unreliable and inefficient; water is typically delivered for only 12 hours every other day, forcing households and businesses to store water. A majority of the population obtains water through open wells or hand pumps. Stress on the urban water supply is projected to increase significantly in the future due to extended droughts, rising population numbers, and severe ground water contamination from the absence of a functioning waste water disposal system. In response to these challenges, the German Development Bank (KfW), at the behest of the Afghan Government, spearheaded the Kabul Urban Water Supply (KUWS) program to meet the goals set forth in the Afghan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and increase piped water coverage to 50 percent of the population of Kabul.