Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Niger

May 14, 2015

Food Security Situation

Map of Niger
CIA World Factbook
  • Niger is one of the least developed countries worldwide, ranking last on the UN Development Program (UNDP) 2014 Human Development Index. The majority of households in Niger face chronic food insecurity, due to structural vulnerabilities, including reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture with increasing rainfall variance and harsh climatic conditions. Basic social services are especially limited in the rural areas.

  • Recent Boko-Haram related conflict, an influx of Nigerian refugees, population displacement, land degradation, and climate change have exacerbated food insecurity and weakened the resilience of the most vulnerable populations.

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure individuals through cash-based and in-kind emergency projects. FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) country-wide, UNICEF country-wide, Mercy Corps in the Tillaberi region, Samaritan’s Purse in the Diffa region, and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in the Tahoua and Tillaberi regions.

  • FFP is partnering with WFP to strengthen the capacity of chronically vulnerable communities to cope with shocks, while ensuring a strong and flexible food and cash-based safety net for the most vulnerable and food-insecure individuals. FFP and WFP are also providing immediate food assistance to conflict-affected Nigerian refugees in Niger and host communities. 

  • To increase community resilience to future shocks, FFP supports a joint WFP-FAO project that implements seasonal livelihood programming, agricultural training, small-scale irrigation projects, and community-based planning.

  • FFP also supports three integrated development food assistance programs with Catholic Relief Services, Mercy Corps, and Save the Children to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition among rural households in the Maradi and Zinder regions. The programs promote positive behavior change in nutrition, health, hygiene, sanitation, and agriculture, while also working to diversify livelihoods through livestock, savings and lending, and literacy activities.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2015 $57.5 million 31,740 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $90.2 million 34,269 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $43.8 million 22,080 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $106.0 million 66,538 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $54.5 million 42,840 MT

Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $9.5 million  5,770 MT
Title II Emergency $38.0 million 25,970 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $10.0 million ---

Food Security Situation includes information from WFP and UNHCR as of May 2015
FY 2015 contribution based on funds obligated to date

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: May 14, 2015

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