- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
May 14, 2015
Food Security Situation
Niger is one of the least developed countries worldwide, ranking last on the UN Development Program (UNDP) 2014 Human Development Index. The majority of households in Niger face chronic food insecurity, due to structural vulnerabilities, including reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture with increasing rainfall variance and harsh climatic conditions. Basic social services are especially limited in the rural areas.
Recent Boko-Haram related conflict, an influx of Nigerian refugees, population displacement, land degradation, and climate change have exacerbated food insecurity and weakened the resilience of the most vulnerable populations.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure individuals through cash-based and in-kind emergency projects. FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) country-wide, UNICEF country-wide, Mercy Corps in the Tillaberi region, Samaritan’s Purse in the Diffa region, and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in the Tahoua and Tillaberi regions.
FFP is partnering with WFP to strengthen the capacity of chronically vulnerable communities to cope with shocks, while ensuring a strong and flexible food and cash-based safety net for the most vulnerable and food-insecure individuals. FFP and WFP are also providing immediate food assistance to conflict-affected Nigerian refugees in Niger and host communities.
To increase community resilience to future shocks, FFP supports a joint WFP-FAO project that implements seasonal livelihood programming, agricultural training, small-scale irrigation projects, and community-based planning.
FFP also supports three integrated development food assistance programs with Catholic Relief Services, Mercy Corps, and Save the Children to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition among rural households in the Maradi and Zinder regions. The programs promote positive behavior change in nutrition, health, hygiene, sanitation, and agriculture, while also working to diversify livelihoods through livestock, savings and lending, and literacy activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$57.5 million||31,740 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$90.2 million||34,269 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$43.8 million||22,080 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$106.0 million||66,538 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$54.5 million||42,840 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$9.5 million||5,770 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$38.0 million||25,970 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$10.0 million||---|
Food Security Situation includes information from WFP and UNHCR as of May 2015
FY 2015 contribution based on funds obligated to date
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: May 14, 2015