Since 2002, USAID, in partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), has continuously supported the Kosovo Early Warning System (EWS) as an essential analytical tool for international reconstruction and stabilization efforts in Kosovo.
USAID has had a leading role in developing the Rule of Law in Kosovo. The Effective Rule of Law (EROL) Program will build on the success of prior USAID work as well as open new opportunities for assistance. USAID was critical in formulating laws establishing the court system, the law guiding the Kosovo Judicial Council (KJC), the law guiding prosecution, and the law guiding the Kosovo Prosecutorial Council (KPC); however their implementation should be monitored.
The Community Action Initiative Program (CAIP) supports 30 minority communities north of the Ibar River and 10 in the south to improve quality of life and develop the confidence that residents have a viable future in Kosovo. The program’s three target areas include:
The United States has successfully worked with the Thai Ministry of Public Health for decades to control malaria in Thailand and the Greater Mekong region. With U.S. financial and technical inputs, Thailand has dramatically reduced malaria cases. U.S. assistance greatly expanded the Thai Malaria Division by training technical staff, organizing and managing field operations, conducting insecticide spraying programs and establishing a nationwide network of malaria clinics. Recent assistance has focused on the introduction of advanced diagnosis and treatment regimens, and promotion of mosquito bed nets – these proven interventions have dramatically reduced infection rates and the lethality of the disease in most areas of Thailand.
Through its four-year New Opportunities for Agriculture (NOA) Program, USAID is focused on implementing the recommendations proposed in Kosovo’s 2010 Agriculture Strategy:
Creating Market linkages
Connecting farmers to identified markets for targeted products via processors, traders, exporters, and farmers’ organizations.
A capable and well-regulated legal industry is essential to strengthening the Rule of Law in Kosovo. With the completion of the appointment process for judges and prosecutors, the passage of key laws governing the judiciary, and the restructuring of the courts, Kosovo must now raise the bar for the legal profession by enforcing standards for ethics and discipline, and preparing the legal workforce for the needs of the future.
USAID’s Basic Education Program works with schools and communities to develop 21st century skills for children in primary school grades one through nine.
The United States and Chile partner on trilateral cooperation activities to work with countries to increase citizen security and promote agriculture and food safety. The joint efforts maximize resources and expertise to help impact development strategies in a third country.
Through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Chilean International Cooperation Agency (AGCI), the countries have worked together in Central and South America and will now assist the Dominican Republic with at-risk youth.
Community Health Volunteers (CHVs) are frontline public health workers who are trusted members of and/or have an unusually close understanding of the community they serve. This trusting relationship enables CHVs to serve as a liaison/link/intermediary between health/social services and the community to facilitate access to services and improve the quality and cultural competence of service delivery.
According to World Health Organization calculations, some 1.5 million children die each year across the world from diarrheal disease and 94 percent of the cases are due to unclean water, poor sanitation, and inadequate hygiene. But the detrimental effects of these problems are by no means limited to children: they have severe and long-lasting effects on individual health and development, which taken as a whole put great stress on many developing nations. For example, illness from poor sanitation has been estimated to cost Cambodia and Vietnam over $1 billion in lost Gross Domestic Product every year due to missed workdays.
Last updated: April 14, 2014