USAID administers two programs to improve the infrastructure and institutions in Kosovo responsible for the water sector. The Small Infrastructure for Water and Sanitation Program (SIWSK) helps five municipalities improve the quality of, and access to, potable water for 109,000 residents. Only 45 percent of residents in the municipalities of Pejë/Pec, Klinë/Klina, Malishevë/Malisevo, Gllogovc/Glogovac, and Lipjan have access to potable water, compared to the national average of 61 percent. The program assists with the construction of water supply systems.
The Political Processes and Parties Support Program provides support to all political parties to establish internal organization, contest elections, respond to constituents, and develop policies. Importantly, Kosovo’s minority groups, including the Serbian community, have political party representation at the local level. Yet challenges remain. Parties struggle to articulate a vision and ideological tenets. Systemic challenges include election reform and strengthened party regulation to stabilize political life in Kosovo.
USAID’s Democratic Effective Municipalities Initiative (DEMI) assists municipal governments and officials to refine their skills, increases transparency, and improves cooperation with citizens.
The program’s goals are accomplished through empowering municipal administration and assemblies, increasing citizens’ engagement on issues that directly affect them, improving municipal service
delivery, providing coaching and on-the-job training in public management, and awarding grants to communities for public infrastructure improvements.
Since 2002, USAID, in partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), has continuously supported the Kosovo Early Warning System (EWS) as an essential analytical tool for international reconstruction and stabilization efforts in Kosovo.
USAID has had a leading role in developing the Rule of Law in Kosovo. The Effective Rule of Law (EROL) Program will build on the success of prior USAID work as well as open new opportunities for assistance. USAID was critical in formulating laws establishing the court system, the law guiding the Kosovo Judicial Council (KJC), the law guiding prosecution, and the law guiding the Kosovo Prosecutorial Council (KPC); however their implementation should be monitored.
The Community Action Initiative Program (CAIP) supports 30 minority communities north of the Ibar River and 10 in the south to improve quality of life and develop the confidence that residents have a viable future in Kosovo. The program’s three target areas include:
The United States has successfully worked with the Thai Ministry of Public Health for decades to control malaria in Thailand and the Greater Mekong region. With U.S. financial and technical inputs, Thailand has dramatically reduced malaria cases. U.S. assistance greatly expanded the Thai Malaria Division by training technical staff, organizing and managing field operations, conducting insecticide spraying programs and establishing a nationwide network of malaria clinics. Recent assistance has focused on the introduction of advanced diagnosis and treatment regimens, and promotion of mosquito bed nets – these proven interventions have dramatically reduced infection rates and the lethality of the disease in most areas of Thailand.
Through its four-year New Opportunities for Agriculture (NOA) Program, USAID is focused on implementing the recommendations proposed in Kosovo’s 2010 Agriculture Strategy:
Creating Market linkages
Connecting farmers to identified markets for targeted products via processors, traders, exporters, and farmers’ organizations.
A capable and well-regulated legal industry is essential to strengthening the Rule of Law in Kosovo. With the completion of the appointment process for judges and prosecutors, the passage of key laws governing the judiciary, and the restructuring of the courts, Kosovo must now raise the bar for the legal profession by enforcing standards for ethics and discipline, and preparing the legal workforce for the needs of the future.
USAID’s Basic Education Program works with schools and communities to develop 21st century skills for children in primary school grades one through nine.
Last updated: September 26, 2014