Fact Sheets

SHAHAR will help fully realize the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s vision for a nationwide municipal governance system that will support individual municipalities to develop standard policies and procedures, monitor municipal progress to improve performance, and provide technical assistance when progress lags.

USAID Initiative to Strengthen Local Administrations (ISLA) project seeks to improve Afghan provincial governance in the areas of fiscal and development planning, citizen representation, and enhanced public service delivery.

Stability in Key Areas - North (SIKA-N) promotes stabilization and good governance in some of Afghanistan’s historically unstable and weakly governed provinces. 

Led by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development (MRRD) and the Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG), the SIKA-West program is designed to promote stability in key areas of western Afghanistan.

Stability in Key Areas – South (SIKA-S) promotes stabilization and good governance in some of Afghanistan’s most historically unstable and weakly-governed provinces.

Led by the Afghan Government’s Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development (MRRD) and the Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG), SIKA-East is designed to promote stability in key areas of eastern Afghanistan.

USAID/Malawi supports institutional strengthening and increased citizen participation in decision-making.  USAID provided significant assistance during Malawi’s May 2014 tripartite election for President, Parliament, and Local Councilors—the first election of its kind in Malawi’s history.  By raising awareness of electoral rights and processes, USAID’s Democracy and Governance office created a better and more informed electorate, ensured fewer irregularities during the election process, and spurred higher voter turnout.  Activities increased citizens’ opportunities for engaging with government officials and therefore cultivated democratic legitimacy and inclusion. It had been nearly 10 years since local leaders were in office, and these elections presented a unique opportunity to reintroduce elected governance at the district level.  Therefore, post-election, USAID focused on strengthening citizens’ participation in local government decision-making.  USAID cultivates a positive working relationship between the newly elected local councilors and citizens’ groups in targeted districts and helps local civil society organizations (CSOs) operate better.

  • WHO releases guidance for decommissioning EVD care facilities
  • Staff from the Government of Liberia (GoL) Ministry of Health (MoH) visit Liberian counties to discuss decommissioning EVD treatment units (ETUs)
  • International and local EVD response actors meet in Guinea’s capital city of Conakry to finalize a three-year plan to revive the Guinean health care system

Nearly one million OVC have lost one or both parents to AIDS. According to UNICEF, one-fifth of Malawian households are looking after OVC, and many of these households are headed by girls, women and elderly women. The majority of families caring for OVC in Malawi lack the means to provide basic necessities.  OVC very often lack parental care and proper nutrition, have inadequate shelter and limited access to education and healthcare, and are at an increased risk of exploitation and abuse.

Although national HIV prevalence decreased from 12% in 2004 to 10.6% in 2010, Malawi continues to face a severe epidemic. There are an estimated 1,000,000 Malawians living with HIV.  Women are disproportionately affected, and there are approximately 790,000 children orphaned because of AIDS. 
 

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Last updated: May 27, 2015

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