Strengthening Local Governance in Haiti


Municipalities in Haiti are responsible for providing a wide range of services to the population.  However, most local governments struggle to pay operating costs and are largely dependent on the national government to fund public services or infrastructure improvements.  Haitian law establishes a legal basis for local taxation, but many municipalities only collect a fraction of the possible revenue.  Lastly, due to a scarcity of trained staff and antiquated management systems, most municipalities lack the capacity to transform these few resources into public services.
The USAID-funded Limiyè ak Òganizasyon pou Kolektivite yo Ale Lwen (LOKAL+) program (Transparency and Organization for Municipal Progress in English) will provide assistance at both ends of the decentralization spectrum, working with targeted municipalities to improve tax collection, management, and service delivery, as well as with national government entities to improve the legal framework and to increase the resources available to municipalities.
LOKAL+ target municipalities for the first year of implementation include:
  • Cap Haitien
  • Caracol
  • Carrefour
  • Delmas
  • Limonade
  • Ouanaminthe

Objective and Activities

Over the next five years, LOKAL+ aims to increase the delivery of community-prioritized public services in eight to ten target municipalities through the following activities:
  1. Strengthening the capability of communal governments to provide services:  Through training and accompaniment, LOKAL+ will strengthen municipal capacity to consult its citizenry, plan strategically, budget realistically, manage funds transparently, and execute projects efficiently.
  2. Generating a sustainable increase in local revenues to pay for local services:  The project will install locally developed municipal tax management software and train municipal fiscal agents to census taxable capital, value assets, and manage a taxpayer database to both increase the tax base and streamline collection.
  3. Leveraging greater access to central government funding and services:  By working with line ministries, departmental delegations, and the Ministry of the Interior, the project will strengthen the central government’s ability to fulfill their roles and responsibilities on which the quality of municipal services depends.
  4. Improving national-level policy and legislation in support of decentralization and deconcentrated services:  The project will support the Haitian government to write and promulgate laws and regulations that improve local public administration and bring government close to the people.
  5. Increasing transparency, oversight and accountability of local governments and deconcentrated service providers:  LOKAL+ plans to engage a broad network of civil society organizations in municipal oversight, work with mayors to improve transparency and communication, and provide support for municipal audits.

Anticipated Results 

Selected anticipated results for fiscal year 2013:
  • Organizational capacity assess-ments and improvement plans completed in six municipalities
  • A Municipal Investment Plan de-veloped in Ouanaminthe
  • Equipment and software installed for tax and budget management in six municipalities
  • A methodology for municipal con-struction permitting piloted
  • Community organizations in six municipalities mapped and trained in municipal governance and budget oversight 

Additional Program Information

Budget: $19.8 million
Life of Project: January 2013 – January 2018
Implementing Partner: Tetra Tech ARD
For more information on USAID/Haiti’s governance projects, please visit our website at:

Last updated: August 07, 2013

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