Djibouti’s strategic location and moderate form of Islam position the country as an important partner to the United States Government (USG). USAID reestablished its office here in 2003 and has since provided development assistance for basic health services, basic education, democracy and good governance.
Djibouti faces many challenges, including chronic drought, food insecurity, a severe lack of skilled workers, significant unemployment, high electricity costs, poor health indicators, numerous refugees, and nascent government and political systems.
The U.S. Government (USG) engages with Somalis across the nation, both at the federal level and with credible regional and local administrations that strive to provide services to the people.
Nearly 30 years ago, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), with the support of the U.S. Congress, launched a “child survival revolution” aimed at reducing the number of deaths among young children in developing countries.
The Feed the Future North (FTFN) project is a multisectoral program, which aims to raise agricultural incomes in northern Haiti. The partnership will achieve this through key investments in farm productivity, natural resource management, marketing systems, agribusinesses, and agricultural infrastructure.
The Crimson Finance Fund (CFF) increases access to a range of short-term working capital products for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in all sectors of the economy including farmers, women-owned businesses and minorities. The goal of the program is to expand assistance to the financial sector in order to address a gap in short-term working capital financing.
Since 2001, the National Albanian American Council with support from USAID has implemented the Hope Fellowship Program in Kosovo. The program was designed to increase the leadership skills of women in decision-making positions in government institutions and civil society. This was especially important in Kosovo’s post-conflict context, as women were underrepresented in both the public and private sectors.
USAID’s Young Entrepreneurs Program provides tangible micro and small business development support to Kosovo’s new and emerging entrepreneurs, ages 18-35. The Young Entrepreneurs Program recognizes that young entrepreneurs need more than mere training—they need capital and real-time support during the critical early business start-up period. To achieve this, the program provides business start-up matching grants and financing options with practical business training and sustained, hands-on coaching services for fledgling enterprises.
USAID administers two programs to improve the infrastructure and institutions in Kosovo responsible for the water sector. The Small Infrastructure for Water and Sanitation Program (SIWSK) helps five municipalities improve the quality of, and access to, potable water for 109,000 residents. Only 45 percent of residents in the municipalities of Pejë/Pec, Klinë/Klina, Malishevë/Malisevo, Gllogovc/Glogovac, and Lipjan have access to potable water, compared to the national average of 61 percent. The program assists with the construction of water supply systems.
The Political Processes and Parties Support Program provides support to all political parties to establish internal organization, contest elections, respond to constituents, and develop policies. Importantly, Kosovo’s minority groups, including the Serbian community, have political party representation at the local level. Yet challenges remain. Parties struggle to articulate a vision and ideological tenets. Systemic challenges include election reform and strengthened party regulation to stabilize political life in Kosovo.
USAID’s Democratic Effective Municipalities Initiative (DEMI) assists municipal governments and officials to refine their skills, increases transparency, and improves cooperation with citizens.
The program’s goals are accomplished through empowering municipal administration and assemblies, increasing citizens’ engagement on issues that directly affect them, improving municipal service
delivery, providing coaching and on-the-job training in public management, and awarding grants to communities for public infrastructure improvements.
Last updated: April 07, 2014