Malawi faces several major health challenges that undermine its growth and development. Its population of 15 million is expected to triple by 2040 if there is no reduction in its total fertility rate of 5.7. Over half of its population lives below the poverty line, and more than a third consumes less than the required daily calories, leading to a 47% stunting rate for children under five. Leading causes of death include HIV/AIDS, lower respiratory infections, malaria, diarrheal diseases, and pregnancy-related complications. Malawi’s health indicators are among the worst in the world, with maternal mortality at 675 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, under-five mortality at 112 deaths per 1,000 live births, and infant mortality at 66 deaths per 1,000 live births.
USAID has supported Malawi’s education sector since independence in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST). Building on this strong partnership, USAID remains committed to working with the Ministry, development partners and civil society to address the educational challenges facing the country today.
Resilience and Economic Growth in Arid Lands – Accelerated Growth encourages growth by improving market access and increasing the availability and affordability of inputs and services. It strengthens the links between pastoralists and the buyers of livestock and livestock products. It helps herders increase livestock productivity through improved breeds and expands the adoption of existing and new livestock services.
USAID has created a constellation of seven Development Labs that harness the intellectual power of great American and international academic institutions and that catalyze the development and application of new science, technology, and engineering approaches and tools to solve some of the world’s most challenging development problems.
The Kenya Arid Lands Disaster Risk Reduction program works to increase access to clean water and improve sanitation and hygiene in Kenya’s arid lands. The program is part of a larger effort to assist the Kenyan government and local communities to increase their resilience to droughts and flooding caused by a changing climate while simultaneously increasing access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene services.
Last updated: March 26, 2014