The Government of Ukraine (GOU) and the Ukrainian public acknowledge that high levels of corruption have become a serious impediment to the country’s economic, political, and social development.
Transparency International rates Ukraine 144th of 175 countries it surveys in its 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index alongside Nigeria, the Central African Republic and Papua New Guinea.
Transparency International rates Ukraine 144th of 175 countries in its 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index alongside Nigeria, the Central African Republic and Papua New Guinea. USAID is supporting anti-corruption efforts in Ukraine across several of its programs, including in higher education admissions testing, municipal financial reform, and judicial reform.
USAID is working to counter corruption through support for policy initiatives and by promoting government transparency and accountability at the local and national level.
OPEN AND TRANSPARENT GOVERNANCE
In its effort to promote open and transparent governance in Ukraine, USAID programs work across the spectrum of Ukrainian society, including with the media, civil society, Parliament, and the Government.
USAID’s civil society program in Ukraine fosters civic activism, boosts reforms, and builds sustainable NGOs. It assists NGOs to increase citizen participation in policy-making, establish legal frameworks that govern civil society, and improve the institutional and financial viability of NGOs across the country. USAID-supported civil society organizations monitor members of parliament, including reports on their financial declarations and conflicts of interest. USAID is providing assistance to the Reanimation Reform Package to facilitate civil society efforts to draft, advocate for, and promote implementation of key anti-corruption legislation and initiatives.
USAID’s media program improves the quality of local media and investigative journalism to promote government accountability and provide transparency on public activities.
USAID also works with Ukraine’s Judiciary to promote greater transparency and accountability of judicial institutions and reduce opportunities for corruption. USAID supports the development and implementation of merit-based judicial selection and standardized judicial discipline procedures and monitoring by civil society organizations of judicial selection and discipline processes. Today, civil society organizations conduct user satisfaction surveys in 51 courts to ensure citizen involvement in oversight of the judiciary.
STIMULATING ECONOMIC GROWTH
USAID's financial sector development assistance strengthens financial disclosure and reporting requirements and supports advocacy campaigns for the rights of consumers of financial services to promote transparency and accountability.
In agriculture, USAID works with media and local NGOs to familiarize Ukrainians with their land rights, provides legal assistance to land owners, and works with the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food to ensure effective private sector and civil society oversight of the government decision-making process.
In the energy sector, USAID improves citizen oversight and engagement around energy pricing and infrastructure site development and assists the government to implement an energy sector anti-corruption action plan.
USAID targets municipal level corruption by helping municipalities to develop transparent budget processes. USAID also promotes public private partnerships at the municipal level through a process that ensures private partners are selected through fair and transparent procurement processes.
USAID provides legislative and regulatory reform assistance that harmonizes Ukrainian legislation with European standards to promote transparent business practices, including the legal framework for transparent corporate governance, shareholder access to information, investors’ protection from unfair competition, and capacity building for judges to ensure the consistent application of judicial procedures and the execution of commercial law decisions.
PROMOTING EQUAL ACCESS TO UNIVERSITY
In 2007, USAID helped to establish the Ukrainian Standardized External Testing Initiative (USETI). The main goal of USETI is to target corrupt practices associated with admissions to Higher Education Institution (HEIs) by introducing standardized external testing as a mandatory criterion for university admissions.
By the end of 2015 about 1.6 million students will have been accepted to university programs based on their preparation and knowledge as reflected in their standardized external testing performance rather than family contacts or their ability to pay. In 2013, 53 percent of respondents supported external testing results as the key criterion for HEI admissions. (49.5 percent in 2012).
- Strengthened the organizational capacity of over 200 Ukrainian civil society organizations
- Media partners conducted 230 in-depth journalism investigations
- Improved local citizen oversight and engagement around energy sector pricing and infrastructure site development
- Strengthened financial sector disclosure and reporting requirements
- Assisted targeted municipalities in developing transparent budget processes
- By 2015, 1.6 million students will have been accepted to university programs based on their preparation and knowledge as reflected in their standardized external testing performance rather than family contacts or their ability to pay.
Last updated: September 02, 2014