This year’s Ebola epidemic in West Africa is a jarring reminder of the need for a greater capability in all countries to rapidly detect and respond to new or re-emerging public health threats which “spill over” in humans from animal populations such as bats, rodents, and non-human primates. The speed with which diseases – such as HIV/AIDS, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus, H5N1 avian influenza, and the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus – can emerge and spread across the increasingly interconnected globe presents enormous challenges for public health, economies, political stability, and development.
The United States Agency for International Development Laos–U.S. International and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Integration (USAID LUNA II) is a four-year, $9 million activity that is helping Laos to further integrate into the global economy by developing and implementing sound, modern, transparent and inclusive economic policies and regulations. Currently, natural resource extraction has fueled 7.5 percent average GDP growth over the past 10 years. However, per capita income remains low at about $1,460 and poverty levels are among the highest in Southeast Asia.
In 2015, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC) is set to launch, transforming ASEAN into a region with free movement of goods, services, investment, skilled labor and capital. The AEC Blueprint highlights the need for increased mobility of persons as ASEAN becomes more interconnected with a greater exchange of skilled labor. ASEAN member states have agreed to create a standardized system to measure professional education and experiences obtained in eight priority sectors – architectural services, surveying, medicine, nursing, dental services, engineering, accounting and tourism. Developing and implementing national qualification frameworks would allow workers in these sectors to transfer jobs within the ASEAN countries.
USAID Kenya, in partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), supports Kenya’s efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the growth of greenhouse gas emissions.
Kenya has the largest and most diversified economy in East Africa. Nevertheless, 40 percent of Kenyans live below the poverty line and more than 1.5 million will require immediate food assistance through February.
The Nutrition and HIV Program supports the management of malnutrition and control of HIV-associated nutrition and health risks among people living with HIV, HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women, and orphaned and vulnerable children. To do so, the Nutrition and HIV Program strengthens the capacity of National HIV/AIDS and STIs Control Program (NASCOP) under the Ministry of Medical Services and the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation and through collaboration with the Divisions of Clinical Nutrition, Public Health Nutrition and Community Health Services. The program also collaborates with faith-based organizations and civil society organizations providing nutrition assessment, counseling, and support services in health facilities and in the community.
Measure Evaluation-Pima (Pima means “to measure” in Kiswahili) builds sustainable monitoring and evaluation (M&E) capacity for Kenyan health officials to support evidence-based decision making that furthers policy formulation and improves health systems and outcomes. Measure Evaluation-Pima works with Kenya’s Ministry of Health to identify and respond to information needs at the national and sub-national levels.
Проект USAID Агро Горизонт будет содействовать увеличению дохода мелких фермеров путем расширения рынков и повышения конкурентоспособности в цепочках добавленной стоимости по фруктам, овощами, молочной продукции. Проект внесет вклад в повышение занятости в сельскохозяйственном секторе, в особенности для женщин и молодежи, наряду с увеличением доступности продуктов питания и увеличения доли целевых сельскохозяйственных культур в обороте внутреннего и международных рынков.
Since September 25, 2013 the U.S. Government has committed a total of $100 million in support of the High Impact Micro-Infrastructure Initiative (HIMII). The HIMIII was launched by Secretary Kerry in partnership with the Palestinian Authority at last year’s Ad Hoc Liaison Committee meeting. HIMII objectives are to create jobs and build vital infrastructure throughout the West Bank. Projects include upgrading of existing and construction of new health clinics, schools, water systems, community centers, and roads. These projects are designed to deliver tangible benefits to improve the living conditions of Palestinians and to support growth of the Palestinian economy.
Since the first cases of Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) were reported in West Africa in March 2014, the United States has mounted a whole-of-government response to contain and stop the spread of the virus, while also taking prudent measures at home. There are currently more than 1,350 U.S. government personnel on the ground in West Africa, making this the largest-ever U.S. response to a global health crisis. The World Health Organization (WHO) projects that it will take at least six months to bring the outbreak under control. The goal of the United States in West Africa is to stop the epidemic at its source through mobilizing our government-wide capabilities to fight the epidemic on a regional basis. The Ebola crisis is derailing not only lives, but livelihoods, in some of the most vulnerable communities in the world. Fears of infection have disrupted normal economic activity in West Africa. If the epidemic is not contained during 2015, this cost will multiply nearly ten-fold.
Last updated: November 28, 2014