Agricultural productivity in Haiti has systematically declined in the last three decades. A shift to annual cropping on steep slopes has caused erosion and exacerbated flooding that affects the slopes, as well as the productive plain areas. The magnitude of flooding has increased, water supplies have become much more erratic, and both lives and livelihoods are under threat. At the same time, ground water levels in the plains have dropped substantially due to growing urban demand, and water has become increasingly brackish as seawater replaces fresh water.
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice that ranges from nicking to total removal of the external female genitalia. UNICEF estimates that at least 120 million girls and women have experienced FGM/C in the 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where the practice is concentrated. Given present trends, as many as 30 million girls under the age of 15 may still be at risk.
Haiti currently lacks elected mayors and municipal and town councils. In addition, one-third of the country’s 30 Senate seats are now vacant, after the terms of the previous office holders expired in May 2012. While the Government of Haiti (GOH) has publicly committed to holding partial Senate and local elections by the end of 2013; this will be a vastly complex process, with nearly 1,420 open seats expected to be contested by over 30,000 candidates. It will also be the first election organized since the promulgation of constitutional amendments in 2012, mandating a 30 percent quota of women in political parties and public life.
USAID’s Parliamentary Strengthening Program (PSP) aims to improve Parliament’s ability to conduct the business of the Haitian people in a transparent, accountable, and professional manner, with the objective of increasing popular support for democratic political processes and supporting greater stability in the country.
Last updated: May 06, 2015