- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
April 3, 2014
Food Security Situation
Malnutrition rates in Nepal are among the highest in the world. Forty-one percent of children under five are stunted, 29 percent are underweight and 11 percent are wasted. According to the World Bank, gross domestic GDP lost due to malnutrition might be as high as 2-3 percent.
Several regions in Nepal, particularly in the hills and mountains of the mid- and far-western regions, face chronic levels of food insecurity due to poor agricultural production, lack of basic infrastructure and changing climatic patterns. Additionally, laws restricting refugee land rights lead to high levels of food insecurity for this vulnerable community, particularly amongst Bhutanese residing in Eastern Terai.
Bhutanese refugees began entering Nepal in the early 1990s and now currently reside in two camps in the Eastern Terai. High rates of poverty, gender-disparity and political instability are prevalent, yet the Terai remains food-secure as compared to other regions due to fertile agricultural land. However, according to the laws of the Government of Nepal, refugees do not have access outside the camps in which they reside to land for agriculture production or to other employment opportunities and thus continue to depend on humanitarian assistance as their primary source of food.
Food Assistance Programs
FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to support direct general food distribution and supplementary feeding to the remaining 30,000 Bhutanese refugees in southeastern Nepal.
FFP’s cash support in Fiscal Year 2014 through the Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) provided WFP with the resources to purchase rice, pulses, iodized salt, and blended foods locally — shortening the procurement timeframe by at least one month when compared to shipments of Title II commodities from the U.S. — and edible oil from within the region.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$1.9 million||3,155 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$2.1 million||1,960|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$6.6 million||4,090 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$13.8 million||9,450 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$4.1 million||4,620 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||----||----|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$1.9 million||3,155 MT|
Note: FFP: Food for Peace; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; MT: Metric Ton; WFP: World Food Program. Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP as of April 2014. FY 2014 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014.
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: April 04, 2014