Trafficking in persons (TIP) is a serious problem in Nepal, characterized by cross-border, international and internal trafficking of women, men, and children. Non-governmental organizations in Nepal estimate that as many as 15,000 Nepali women and girls are trafficked annually to India, while 7,500 are trafficked domestically for commercial sexual exploitation. In addition, an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 Nepali women become involuntary domestic workers each year within Nepal. While most attention is focused on the exploitation of women and children, cross-border labor trafficking of men is a growing concern. Returning victims more often file complaints under the Foreign Employment Act than identifying themselves as a TIP victim.
The Government of Nepal (GON) took an important step toward addressing this abuse of human rights by passing the Human Trafficking and Transportation Control Act of 2007 (TIP Act) which establishes a comprehensive legal framework to combat TIP. However, a persistently low rate of prosecutions reflects inadequate understanding and coordination on the part of law enforcement and judicial officials regarding their responsibilities under the law. While awareness is increasing, most rural populations remain largely unaware of the TIP Act and the risk factors that lead to human trafficking.
The $6.79 million Combating Trafficking in Persons (CTIP) project takes a holistic approach to address protection, prosecution, and prevention of trafficking in persons. The CTIP project builds the capacity of law enforcement and judiciary sectors to effectively apply the TIP Act, prosecution, and prevention. The project is implemented in six TIP-prone districts identified by the GON as source, transit, and destination districts. The project aims to:
- Strengthen protection services for TIP survivors
- Build capacity of the judiciary and law enforcement agencies to effectively enforce legal measures and increase prosecution
- Prevent trafficking by building awareness among groups that are vulnerable to sex and labor trafficking
Last updated: September 18, 2014