Mauritania’s economy rests on deposits of iron ore and rich coastal waters that are under threat from over-fishing by foreigners. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, but Mauritanian life expectancy is significantly higher than the average for sub-Saharan Africa. Although many children do not complete primary school, girls are as likely to achieve this milestone as boys. Mauritania returned to democratic governance in 2009 after a military coup the previous year. Longstanding ethnic tensions and the presence of extremist groups pose security challenges.
In support of Moldova’s democratic and free-market reforms, USAID projects work to strengthen economic growth and democratic governance.
USAID is partnering with the public and private sectors in Moldova to achieve broad-based economic growth, reduce poverty and strengthen the market economy. By working with clusters of industries, including micro-enterprises in high-value agriculture, USAID is helping increase the private sector’s competitiveness in regional markets. USAID also supports regulatory and legal reforms to improve the business environment.
Landlocked between two powerful neighbors, China and Russia, Mongolia has achieved a remarkable transition from a Soviet planned economy to an open, democratic market economy over the last two decades. Sparsely populated—2.8 million people in a vast territory of 1.5 million km2—and richly endowed with large deposits of copper, gold and coking coal, Mongolia is making its contribution to stability in a rapidly changing part of the world.
Morocco is one of America's oldest friends in the Middle East and North Africa and is recognized today as a major non-NATO ally. Since 1957, the U.S. Government and the Government of Morocco have worked together to make real and substantial improvements in the lives of Moroccan citizens.
Following a long civil war, Mozambique has made the transition to peace, stability and sustained economic growth, providing an essential link between landlocked neighbors and the global marketplace.
Its ties to South Africa’s industrial heartland underscore the fact that the country’s economic, political and social progress is vital to the interests of the region. However, the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, as well as high infant mortality, have resulted in the distressingly low life expectancy of just 42 years.
Landlocked between India and China, two rapidly changing countries, Nepal remains one of the poorest countries in the world and continues to cope with the effects of a decade-long insurgency that ended in 2006. Located in the Himalaya mountain range, the country is greatly impacted by global climate change and struggles with both water scarcity in some areas and increased flooding in others. Supporting progress toward a democratic, resilient and prosperous Nepal is a priority for U.S. development efforts.
Niger, an emerging democracy landlocked in the increasingly unstable Sahel region, consistently ranks at or near the bottom of the United Nations Human Development Index of all countries. Despite increased economic growth catalyzed by an expanding extractive industry sector (including uranium, gold, and petroleum reserves), poor infrastructure, extremely low education levels, and multiple concurrent natural disasters due to the country’s vulnerability to climate change have limited broad- based development.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of over 160 million. In 2011, the country’s economy grew at a rate of 8.4 percent, largely fueled by oil revenues. Nigeria is the sixth largest exporter of oil in the world. However, amidst the indicators of progress, Nigeria is still troubled by myriad socioeconomic problems.
The opening of USAID's Pacific Office in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, in October 2011 reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to enhance aid, investment and engagement with Pacific Island countries. The Pacific Islands are key to a variety of local and global challenges, including climate change, infectious disease, and natural disasters. The region is home to about 8.5 million people, major fisheries, coral reefs, and important tropical forests, and is vital to U.S. security and regional interests.
The primary focus of the U.S. civilian-assistance program is to develop a stable, secure and tolerant Pakistan with a vibrant economy.
Working with other U.S. agencies, as well as donors and international development partners, USAID has focused its program over the last year on five areas essential to Pakistan’s stability and long-term development and reflective of Pakistani priorities: energy, economic growth, stabilization, education and health.
USAID programs in Panama promote economic growth, sustainable forestry, citizen security, active civil society, and opportunities for Panama’s at-risk youth, including:
To address the priorities of the Government of Paraguay, our programs focus on reducing poverty, structuring an inclusive financial system, creating jobs, and strengthening family farms. The aim of the Millennium Challenge Corporation's Threshold Program, administered by USAID, is to support the government's efforts in the fight against corruption, and to strengthen the rule of law, customs, and the health and justice sectors. Other priorities are protecting the rights of people with disabilities, gender equality and development of small agricultural producers.
The Philippines has historic ties with the United States and is an important development, trade and regional security partner. The U.S. Government, through USAID, has made broad-based inclusive growth a main focal point. By addressing this key development constraint, the Philippines will have the potential to enjoy the same level of economic success as its neighbors. Additionally, specific aspects of this goal will help to improve the lives of a majority of the population which live on $2 a day or less.
Last updated: April 19, 2014