Despite significant development challenges, the Government of Haiti and its people are determined to recover and move forward following periods of political unrest and the effects of natural disasters.
Haiti’s challenges were heightened significantly by the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck on Jan. 12, 2010, killing more than 230,000 people, displacing more than 1.5 million, and affecting more than 3 million. A cholera epidemic that broke out in October 2010 further challenged the post-earthquake environment.
In Honduras, USAID programs strengthen the participation of marginalized groups in local and national governance; increase food security for the poorest sectors of society; support renewable energy and environmental conservation; expand basic education and skills training for at-risk youth and adults; and improve decentralized health care in terms of quality and access for local citizens and civil society.
Over the past two decades, India has grown to become the world’s largest democracy and one of the world’s leading economies, lifting millions out of poverty. Yet one-third of its population still lives on less than $1.25 per day. Projected to become the world’s most populous country by 2030, India faces tremendous energy, education, health, water and sanitation challenges. India is an important U.S. partner in maintaining regional stability, deepening trade ties and addressing development challenges in India and globally.
Indonesia has the largest economy in Southeast Asia and hosts some of the world’s most diverse natural resources spread across more than 17,000 islands. Yet, almost half the population lives on less than $2 per day. Indonesia’s growing economy, young democracy and strategic location in the region make it an important trade and security partner to the United States.
USAID, alongside other U.S. government agencies, works closely with Iraqi national, provincial, and local governments, international institutions, and a network of partners including non-governmental organizations, local community groups, and Iraqi citizens.
USAID has implemented activities designed to strengthen infrastructure, stabilize communities, foster economic and agricultural growth, and help the various levels of government better represent and respond to the needs of the Iraqi people.
Jamaica embarked on its first long-term strategic plan, Vision 2030 Jamaica, in 2009. This National Development Plan is a multi-sectoral approach to making Jamaica the place of choice to live, work, do business, and raise families (Vision 2030 Jamaica). While Jamaica enjoyed significant development progress in its social, economic, and political history, the country is challenged by a persistent fiscal deficit and heavy indebtedness. These challenges are exacerbated by the global economic crisis.
Jordan, a country of 6.5 million people, is a voice for moderation, peace and reform in the Middle East. Its central geographic position – bordered by Iraq, Syria, the West Bank, Israel and Saudi Arabia – brings it into constant contact with regional turbulence that affects its political climate and its economy. Calls for greater freedoms across the Arab world have increased domestic pressure on the Government of Jordan to speed the pace of promised reforms to improve economic conditions, strengthen democratic practices and governance, and reduce public corruption.
Kazakhstan has enjoyed steady growth over the past decade, largely fueled by the development of its oil and gas resources. In spite of this growth, Kazakhstan continues to face a number of development challenges that constrain progress. The United States partners with Kazakhstan to support the country’s emergence as a regional leader, contributing to peace and prosperity within the region and beyond.
Dynamic social and economic changes in Laos during the past decade have created openings for targeted assistance from the United States. Throughout Laos, USAID assists the Lao people in raising their quality of life, protecting natural resources, and modernizing the economy in a sustainable manner.
A small nation of more than 4 million people, Lebanon’s strategic location, the diversity of its citizens, and its entrepreneurial spirit have long made it a center of trade and culture and a bridge between Europe and the Middle East. Since the end of the Civil War in 1990, Lebanon has been working hard, despite continued sectarian strife—and now the crisis in neighboring Syria—to rebuild its physical, social and economic infrastructure.
Lesotho suffers from high infant mortality rates and levels of malnutrition, in addition to having a high prevalence of tuberculosis and an HIV/AIDS prevalence of 23.6 percent in 2009 (UNAIDS 2010). Decreased revenues from the Southern Africa Custom’s Union, due to the recent global economic downturn, have resulted in severe budget constraints for the government. One of the U.S. Government’s top priorities in Lesotho is strengthening democratic institutions.
Peaceful elections in 2005 and the inauguration of Africa’s first female head of state in 2006 ushered in a period of hope and high expectations for Liberia’s recovery after decades of instability.
The consequences of 14 years of violent conflict constitute huge challenges to the recovery, reform and rebuilding process.
USAID provides assistance to the Libyan people as they strive to build a democratic future. Our programs bolster the administrative capacities of interim governing authorities by providing expertise on governance issues and on the implementation of transitional political processes.
The Agency also strengthens emergent media outlets and civil society organizations, builds linkages between the government and its citizens and supports civic education and reconciliation.
Last year, USAID's mission in Malawi completed a five year, $700m Country Development Cooperation Strategy that promotes integrated development with the goal of “Malawians’ quality of life improved” and three objectives: Social Development Improved, Sustainable Livelihoods Increased, Citizen Rights and Responsibilities Exercised. This new strategy furthers USAID’s commitment to development partnership with the government and people of Malawi based on true accountability and collaboration.
Maldives, an archipelago of 1,200 coral islands grouped in 26 atolls, is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to global climate change with its highest point only 8 feet above sea level. After 30 years of authoritarian rule, Maldives held its first democratic election and enacted its first constitution in 2008, though its democratic transition remains fragile. Located along major shipping routes in the Indian Ocean, a peaceful and resilient Maldives is critical to maritime security and regional stability.
Last updated: May 30, 2015