During the last 20 years, Mexico has made significant progress in addressing gender gaps in education, maternal mortality rates, political representation, and labor force participation. More women are enrolling in university courses, seeking paid employment, and entering politics. Despite these gains, Mexico remains near the bottom of gender equality rankings in Latin America and the Caribbean. Domestic violence reportedly affects at least 40 percent of women. Wage gaps remain high and women’s labor force participation is constrained by unpaid domestic house work and family care.
USAID works with the Mexican Government to promote the protection of women’s rights and reduce gender-based violence. We support family and women’s justice centers that provide services to victims of family violence and their children. These centers make it easier for victims of domestic violence to access services, cooperate in the prosecution of their abusers, and reduce re-victimization (by avoiding having to retell their story and relive their experience). We also support the Special Prosecuting Unit for Crimes Committed against Women and Human Trafficking (FEVIMTRA) and have trained Mexican officials to prosecute trafficking crimes.
The effects of climate change are likely to impact men and women differently due to their varied roles, societal expectations, and livelihoods. Women play a key role in many aspects of rural life and depend on a wide variety of natural resources. In this area, USAID focuses on providing women, as well as men better information about economic alternatives, and how to integrate them into decision making processes that affects them, their families, and their communities.
Last updated: May 10, 2013