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August 14, 2013
Food Security Situation
- Mauritania is a least-developed country, ranking 155 of 187 countries on the UN Development Program (UNDP) 2012 Human Development Index. Forty-two percent of the population lives below the poverty line.
Mauritania typically imports 70-percent of its national food consumption needs as only 0.5-percent of land is available for agriculture. Populations in the eastern and southern regions of Mauritania depend upon subsistence agriculture and pastoralism as their primary livelihoods, and are especially vulnerable in the case of decreased rainfall. Approximately 800,000 people remain food insecure as a result of the 2011 drought.
It is estimated that there are presently 74,000 Malian refugees in eastern Mauritania. The ongoing turmoil in Mali and the presence of refugees in Mauritania continues to affect the food security situation of vulnerable host populations in southern and eastern Mauritania due to increased pressure on local food stocks and resources.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) now targets approximately 197,000 food-insecure Mauritanians and Malian refugees in the Gorgol, Guidimakha, Hodh el Gharby, Assaba, and Hodh el Chargui regions. FFP is implementing a broad range of strategies that aim to strengthen Mauritania’s overall food security and resilience to future shock.
FFP assists the UN World Food Program (WFP) in the prevention and treatment of acute malnutrition in both Malian refugees and Mauritanians in eastern Mauritania. In the south, World Vision and Save the Children implement cash transfer programs to develop and rehabilitate community assets, bolster local markets and household resilience, and improve household dietary diversity.
FFP partners with Counterpart International’s five-year development program in southern Mauritania. The program improves maternal and child health and nutrition (MCHN) practices, strengthens community capacity, and supports livelihood development through micro-credit.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$6.5 million||4,550 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$20.6 million||6,340 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$5.1 million||7,400 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$5.0 million||7,820 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2009||$5.0 million||7,140 MT|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$6.5 million**||4,550 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
٭Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET, WFP, FAO- FIEWS and UNHCR from 2012 and 2013
**FY 13 emergency contributions include $6.5 million in a regional West Africa contribution.
Last updated: September 03, 2013