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Working in Crises and Conflict


Malian boy in internally displaced person (IDP) site
USAID provides lifesaving assistance to Malians affected by conflict.


U.S. Government assistance, as mandated by policy and law, has been altered since the military coup d’état of March 22, 2012. Many programs have been redesigned, suspended or terminated. Critical, lifesaving programs that provide essential health care, increase food security, and build resilience among the Malian people have been authorized to continue.

The Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Partnership (TSCTP), a multi-country interagency effort, aims to combat violent extremism in the Sahel region of Africa. In Mali, activities were underway to build stronger, more stable communities, create entrepreneurial opportunities for youth, and reduce tensions that could be exploited by terrorists or insurgents. At the beginning of fiscal year 2012, USAID was positioned to begin training out-of-school youth in Timbuktu, which provides quality instruction in literacy, numeracy, life skills, and technical and vocational training.  Although USAID was forced to suspend its youth operations in northern Mali before training got underway, it was able to continue activities in southern Mali that help prevent conflict and reduce the risk of violent extremism. 

In addition, USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) launched the Mali Transition Initiative, also known by its French name, Programme d’Appui a la Transition du Mali (PAT-M), in January 2013 to help lay the groundwork for longer-term political and economic development. OTI’s efforts focus on mitigating conflict and decreasing chances of unrest in the lead up to elections to help build the foundations for a peaceful and democratic Mali. OTI’s assistance is targeted towards Malian civil society and community organizations to help reinforce a return to democratic systems and values.



Last updated: April 18, 2014

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