In 2011, USAID celebrated 50 years of presence and partnership with Mali, a landlocked country that is one of world’s poorest. USAID worked with the people of Mali to achieve major development gains, particularly in the fields of health, agriculture, and education. In 1960, one out of every two children died before his fifth birthday; today that number is down to one child in five -- still much too high, but a major improvement thanks in large part to USAID’s support. Because agriculture and livestock provide employment to approximately 80% of the active labor force and account for 42% of the gross domestic product, USAID funded farmer cooperatives that developed improved, high-yielding and pest-resistant seeds, as well as irrigation methods to help Mali meet increasing food demand. Between 2000 and 2010, main crop production increased 150%, thanks to investments like these.
USAID also helped Malians to establish a community school system and interactive radio instruction to increase access to and the quality of education. Significant development gains over the past decades earned Mali the Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact and four presidential development initiatives - the President’s Malaria Initiative; Feed the Future; the Global Health Initiative; and the Global Climate Change Initiative.
However, as a result of the March 22, 2012, military coup d’état, and until a duly elected government is in place, the U.S. Government has suspended all non-humanitarian assistance and direct assistance to the Government of Mali, except in the area of elections. USAID continues to provide elections support and select critical, lifesaving assistance in health and food security through nongovernmental organizations, community associations and other private groups as well as address humanitarian needs of Malians.
Last updated: April 18, 2014