As a result of the March 2009 military coup in Madagascar, the U.S. Government suspended all non-humanitarian assistance in the country and direct assistance to the Government of Madagascar.
USAID continues to provide assistance in health and food security through nongovernmental organizations, community associations, and other private groups.
As the leading health donor in Madagascar, the U.S. Government has contributed substantially to improved health throughout rural, underserved and vulnerable people throughout Madagascar. The 2008-09 demographic and health survey showed a significant decrease in infant and child mortality over the previous five years—from 92 child deaths per 1,000 live births to 72.
Agriculture and Food Security
USAID helps food-insecure, vulnerable smallholder farmers improve production and expand productivity with environmentally friendly techniques and expand their agri-business activities. USAID also works with communities to rehabilitate farm-to-market roads, which improves economic opportunities, as well as access to health and other services.
More than 58 percent of the population in Madagascar does not have access to safe drinking water and nearly half of all households live without sanitation facilities. USAID is increasing access to clean water and promoting water, sanitation and hygiene. Working in Crises and Conflict Madagascar’s declining economy, as well as the effects of severe rains and flooding, have affected households in major urban centers. USAID is helping households in 544 communities develop and implement plans aimed at mitigating the effects of disasters. Measures include interventions such as food-for-work programs that rehabilitate dikes and drainage systems and reforestation efforts that control soil erosion.
Unless significant and strong actions are taken to stop the unsustainable and illegal logging and exploitation of other natural resources, the ultimate risk may be irreversible loss of forest and biodiversity for Madagascar. USAID will provide local organizations with the means to combat the illegal exploitation of Madagascar's natural resources.
Last updated: January 28, 2015