- Agriculture and Food Security
- Increasing Food Security through Feed the Future
- Food Aid Reform
- Expanding and Enhancing Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Supporting Agricultural Capacity Development
- Supporting Global Nutrition
- Investing in Sustainable Agriculture
- Food Assistance
- Board for International Food and Agricultural Development
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Science, Technology and Innovation
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
April 4, 2013
Food Security Situation
Natural disasters such as cyclones, droughts, and floods pose the greatest threat to Madagascar’s food security. Over the past 35 years, more than 50 natural disasters have struck, affecting more than 11 million people. Most recently, an estimated 259,000 people were affected by Cyclone Giovanna. Poor health and nutrition practices, low education levels, and locust infestations also threaten the country’s food security.
Madagascar is an underdeveloped, low-income, and food-deficit country with extreme poverty; over 50 percent of the children are stunted. The country has dropped to 151 out of 187 countries in the 2011 UN Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Index.
Food production is very low with pervasive food insecurity in the South and Southeast due to frequent cyclones, flooding and droughts. Food insecurity is traditionally most pronounced from October to March.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) now targets approximately 492,500 food-insecure individuals in 98,500 households in more than 500 communities primarily in cyclone-affected, drought-stricken and isolated areas of south and southeastern Madagascar.
FFP partners with a Catholic Relief Services-led consortium on a variety of activities including agricultural livelihoods, natural resource management, maternal, child health and nutrition, and disaster preparation and mitigation.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$10.5 million||9,020 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$18.9 million||20,180 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$22.9 million||21,080 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$21.6 million||19,970 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2009||$16.3 million||3,640 MT|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$10.5 million||9,020 MT|
|Title II Emergency||----||----|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||-----|
Note: EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; FY: Fiscal Year; MT: Metric Ton; UNDP: United Nations Development Program; USD: U.S. Dollar; WFP: World Food Program
Food Security Situation information proved by UNDP as of April 2013
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: April 04, 2013