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- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
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- Agricultural Capacity Development
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- Ending Extreme Poverty
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- U.S. Global Development Lab
December 23, 2014
Food Security Situation
Impacts of Liberia’s 1989-2003 conflict can still be seen throughout the country in its inadequate health and education systems, diminished agricultural capacity, and recovering economic and social infrastructure. Liberia has a high rate of malnutrition, a stunting prevalence of 42%, and is currently ranked 174 out of 187 countries in the 2013 UN Development Program Human Development Index.
Food insecurity stems from low levels of food production, high levels of poverty, high unemployment and lack of diverse income-generating activities, and poor transportation infrastructure. An influx of more than 100,000 Ivorian refugees in 2011-2013 further exacerbated food insecurity among host populations. Though many refugees have returned voluntarily to Cote D’Ivoire, approximately 38,000 still remain in Liberia.
The ongoing Ebola epidemic has further deteriorated an already weak health system and increased food insecurity for many Ebola-affected households and other vulnerable communities throughout the country.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP), in partnership with the UN World Food Program (WFP), is providing emergency food assistance to individuals, households, and communities directly affected by the Ebola outbreak in Liberia. In addition, through WFP, FFP continues to support Ivoirian refugees and host families in the eastern border areas with Cote d’Ivoire through direct food assistance and livelihoods support.
FFP is investing in the capacity of vulnerable households in Bong, Nimba, Grand Gedeh, and River Gee counties through two development projects that aim to improve agricultural productivity and natural resource management, promote expanded livelihoods opportunities, reduce chronic malnutrition, and increase rural access to health care services. FFP partners ACDI/VOCA, OIC International, and their sub-grantees have responded to the Ebola crisis by supporting host government, UN World Health Organization, and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention efforts to prevent the transmission of Ebola. This includes incorporating Ebola-focused messaging on prevention and treatment, training health workers on infection control and prevention, providing sanitation and hygiene materials to households and places of business, and supporting governments’ ministries of health through donations of office space and vehicles and fuel for contact tracing, information dissemination, and other Ebola-focused activities.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$20.0 million||4,370 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$17.7 million||3,450 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$25.0 million||17,380 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$29.2 million||20,720 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$15.0 million||15,250 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$15.5 million||1,310 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$4.5 million||3,060 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP and UNHCR as of December 2014
FY 2014 contribution based on funds obligated as of September 2014
Last updated: December 23, 2014