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- Agriculture and Food Security
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August 12, 2013
Food Security Situation
Remnants of Liberia’s 1989-2003 conflict can be seen throughout the country, including the 85 percent unemployment rate. War destroyed the country’s health and education systems, severely diminished its agricultural capacity, and precipitated terrible water and sanitation conditions. Liberia has a stunting prevalence of 42% and is currently ranked 174 out of 187 countries in the 2012 UN Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Index.
Threats to Liberia’s food security include residual effects of war, population displacement, limited infrastructure, and poor sanitation and water quality. Political unrest in Cote d’Ivoire in mid-2011 brought tens of thousands of refugees into Liberia and further stressed the tenuous food security situation of host populations. Some refugees have returned voluntarily to Cote D’Ivoire, though Liberian refugee authorities estimate the continued presence of nearly 65,600 refugees in early 2013.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) now targets approximately 196,000 food-insecure Liberians in Bong, Nimba, Grand Gedeh, Maryland and River Gee counties.
FFP partners with ACDI/VOCA, OIC International, and the UN World Food Program (WFP) on a variety of activities to increase availability of and access to food, improve food utilization, reduce chronic malnutrition of vulnerable women and children, improve care practices, increase access to health services, enhance educational opportunities, and support livelihoods activities. Development programs promote agricultural productivity through farmer trainings on marketing and sustainable farming technologies, as well as post-harvest handling practices.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$17.7 million||3,450 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$25.0 million||17,380 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$29.2 million||20,720 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$15.0 million||15,250 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2009||$6.3 million||4,860 MT|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$13.1 million||530 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$4.6 million||2,920 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Note: Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET and WFP from June 2013.
Last updated: August 13, 2013