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Economic Growth

Liberia economic growth
Supporting small businesses combats poverty
Justin Prud'homme/USAID

Fourteen years of intermittent conflict devastated Liberia’s roads, bridges, electricity, and buildings (clinics, schools, government), infrastructure that is essential to restoring agriculture and commerce, delivering health and education services, and operating public safety and security measures.

The conflict period also led to massive depletion and misuse of agricultural lands and livestock, forests, minerals, and other natural resources. Agricultural production is vital to food security and to employment for 70 percent of economically-active Liberians. The country is home to over 40 percent of the remaining Upper Guinean Rainforest, so sustainable natural resource management is critical to income generation and government revenue creation.

USAID’s mission in Liberia is working to spur community and market revitalization through cross-cutting initiatives in infrastructure, energy, workforce development, agriculture, food security, and forestry. The infrastructure and energy projects also contribute to other USAID-supported education, health, and governance projects throughout Liberia.

Infrastructure and Energy

The Road Infrastructure to Support Enterprise program aims to improve up to 500 km of rural feeder roads and build capacity of Liberian road construction contractors. Related projects will also improve infrastructure for Ministry of Agriculture county offices and vocational centers, the Forestry Training Institute, and education programs at Centers of Excellence in Agriculture at Cuttington University and Engineering at the University of Liberia, Fendell Campus.

The Liberia Energy Sector Support Program works to advance national energy policy goals for rural, renewable power; support regulatory reform to spur private sector investment; and pilot projects in small hydro and biomass energy generation. Direct support is provided to the international management contractor bringing new investment and improved operations to the Liberia Electricity Corporation.

Trade and Regulatory Reform

As part of the Millennium Challenge Corporation Threshold Program for Liberia, a three-year Liberia Trade Policy and Customs program was launched in June 2011 to support tariff harmonization and removal of unnecessary non-tariff barriers to trade; strengthen trade policy institutions and improve policies; modernize customs practices; and strengthen protection of intellectual property rights.

Last updated: November 20, 2014

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