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Jordan depends on imported gas and oil to meet its energy needs. Until recently, favorable terms with neighboring fuel exporters insulated the country from rising world prices. Consumers had little motivation to conserve or seek energy-efficient technologies. However, for Jordanians the situation is very different today as fuel costs have risen dramatically due to inconsistent supply of cheap natural gas from Egypt, and the inability of the government to continue to subsidize fuel prices.
A central part of USAID’s development assistance agenda in Jordan is ensuring a steady, affordable supply of energy for Jordan’s economic growth and population. Since 2008, USAID has helped establish incentives to promote better use of national energy resources, encourage Jordanian energy producers, utilities, and consumers to adopt best practices for energy efficiency, and develop alternative energy sources.
Current projects focus on demand management through education, and demonstrating the energy and cost efficiencies of solar lighting systems for public spaces by installing systems at schools in five different regions of Jordan. Another project will help Jordan address energy issues sector-wide.
Examples of USAID-supported impacts on energy resources management include:
- In 2012 started a social marketing campaign that identifies and promotes changes in behavior to better manage demand for and use of energy among young people, households and large energy consumers, and distributes public awareness and information materials on efficient energy use practices and technologies.
- Established a professional association for Jordanian energy engineers, trained 50 of them as certified energy managers, and trained a core team of individuals to be trainers for improving energy efficiency at major institutions.
- Established a clean tech innovation cluster industry, with an incubator, capital network, and research and development center.
- Improved access to credit for energy efficiency efforts.
- Worked with the Electricity Regularity Commission, distribution utilities, and the National Electric Power Company (NEPCO) to build their capacities in the areas of regulations and energy efficiency, and primed them for further work in demand-side-management. USAID helped them to form strong ties for collaboration with U.S. entities such as the Colorado Public Utility Commission, Arizona Public Service, and Sacramento Municipal Utility District.
Last updated: March 23, 2015