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India Health worker administers polio drops in Bihar

USAID/India builds the capacity of national- and state-level institutions and demonstrates high-impact best practices in the areas of family planning/reproductive health; maternal, newborn, and child health; and global disease threats including HIV/AIDS, polio, and tuberculosis.

In line with this, USAID supports the Government of India’s (GOI’s) flagship health programs, including the National Rural Health Mission, the National AIDS Control Program, the Revised National TB Control Program, and the polio eradication program and surveillance system.

In line with President Obama’s Global Health Initiative and GoI priorities, USAID envisions that its technical cooperation, coupled with government and private sector resources, will continue to improve the health system and increase access to quality health care.

KEY PROGRAMS:

Maternal and Child Health: USAID support focuses on high- impact interventions during a mother’s most critical 24-hour period around labor, delivery, and post-partum to reduce maternal mortality, saving both mothers and newborns. USAID is working to increase access to and availability of skilled providers for deliveries, comprehensive and integrated antenatal care, and Vitamin A supplementation and immunizations for children. USAID is also increasing awareness of the importance of safe drinking water to lower the rates of diarrheal illness and improve appropriate management of diarrhea through the use of oral rehydration salts and zinc. USAID’s maternal and child health program is a major avenue through which the U.S. Government is building on India’s commitments to the Child Survival Call to Action: A Promise Renewed announced in June 2012, as well as addressing the Millennium Development Goals.

HIV/AIDS: USAID is working with the Government of India to strengthen India’s decentralized response, supporting a partnership with the Indian National AIDS Control Organization that has produced significant results. USAID is focusing on prevention among Most-at-Risk Populations, identifying and responding to needs at the national, state and district levels. USAID in collaboration with other U.S. Government agencies is supporting GOI in strengthening the capacities of State AIDS Control Societies, District AIDS Prevention and Control Units, and NGOs to improve the quality and accessibility of services.

The President’s Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is transitioning globally from its early emergency phase to a more sustainable approach with increasingly strategic investments. In line with this transition, USAID is providing a model technical assistance program in India that is cost- effective and where best practices can be identified and shared with other countries.

Tuberculosis (TB): USAID is supporting the Government of India’s Revised National TB Control Program. Interventions include: improving and scaling comprehensive HIV/TB services; strengthening and accrediting intermediate reference laboratories for diagnosis of Multi Drug Resistant TB; improving airborne infection control; introducing new diagnostics; and increasing involvement of private providers. Efforts aim to improve TB case detection and treatment success rates and achieve national targets in priority geographic areas. 

Polio: To help India in its polio eradication efforts, U.S. assistance will continue to support the GoI’s National Polio Surveillance Project, which conducts high quality surveillance, provides technical advice for immunization activities and strengthening laboratories, and builds a network of volunteers to educate and mobilize communities. Our support will also ensure communication and social mobilization activities continue to target and reach those most at risk, including migrants and other mobile populations.

Family Planning and Reproductive Health: USAID is supporting the expansion of contraceptive choices, scale-up of family planning methods, and post-partum family planning services. This will enhance access to a variety of high-quality voluntary family planning services, information, and reproductive health care services. These services will make substantial contributions to reducing maternal and child mortality and morbidity, while mitigating the adverse effects of population dynamics.

Last updated: December 03, 2014

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