Flag of India

Energy, Environment and Global Climate Change

India Energy Solar Power

As the world’s third largest carbon emitter, India is a top priority for the U.S. Presidential Global Climate Change Initiative. By supporting India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change, USAID is helping to propel India along a low-carbon, economic growth pathway by expanding new markets for green technologies and innovations. In particular, the program objective is to leverage substantial private investment through new partnerships in the clean energy and forestry sectors. The long-term outcome from such collaboration is to help mitigate long-term, climate-related threats which would adversely and disproportionately affect India’s most poor and vulnerable populations.

Accelerating the deployment of renewable energy will displace traditional, carbon-intensive power generation from coal. At the same time, scaling-up energy efficiency practices will make electricity more productive and support expansion of the national grid to underserved parts of India. Demonstrating innovative technologies, practices and partnerships, as well as reducing market barriers to create a more “clean-energy conducive” environment, will help bring these clean energy practices to scale.

USAID’s sustainable landscapes program in India is helping to improve forest management by building the capacity of local stakeholders to manage India’s forests, estimate carbon stocks, and monitor emissions. USAID’s programs in India will enhance the health and productivity of local forests to reduce carbon emissions from landscapes, increase the capture of greenhouse gasses and sequester them in forest ecosystems. The Mission’s water program also fosters innovative partnerships with Indian industry associations to look at how Indian municipalities can recycle and reuse municipal wastewater in manufacturing processes.

Clean Energy

The U.S. Government is supporting clean energy in India through the interagency Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) effort, which includes USAID; the U.S. Departments of Commerce, State, and Energy; the Export-Import Bank; the Overseas Private Investment Corporation; and the Trade and Development Agency. The USAID-led Deployment Component (PACE-D) is a five-year bilateral program that will work in three areas: improving end-use energy efficiency; increasing the supply of renewable energy; and accelerating deployment of cleaner fossil fuel technologies. The program will focus on strengthening the enabling environment, increasing access to finance and enhancing institutional and human capacity. The overall program objective is to accelerate India’s transition to a high-performing, low-emissions and energy-secure economy as part of the U.S.-India partnership on climate change.  

Sustainable Landscapes

USAID’s new Forest-PLUS program will accelerate India’s transition to a low-carbon economy by taking the United Nations Collaborative Program on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) actions to scale. This program will strengthen India’s capacity to develop systems for forest carbon measurement and monitoring, as well as conduct greenhouse gas inventories, and support the application of science and technology for improved and more cost-efficient management and monitoring systems. We will also help to improve tools and capacity for land-use planning that reduces deforestation while also ensuring the rights and engagement of local and indigenous communities.

An interagency agreement with U.S. Forest Service is helping to launch the scientific and technical collaboration and exchange envisioned under the Forest-PLUS program through short-term trainings on remote sensing and forest inventory for Indian forestry counterparts. The program will also support short-term collaborative research on carbon estimation methodologies in various Indian ecosystems.


In all activities climate vulnerability and adaptation are made an explicit part of project analysis and design.

Last updated: July 29, 2015

Share This Page