Five years after the devastating 2010 earthquake, Haiti has transitioned to a period of long-term development. With the help of the international community, Haiti has made significant advances. The U.S. post-earthquake strategy for Haiti focuses on four sector pillars designed to catalyze economic growth and build long-term stability.
Agricultural productivity in Haiti has systematically declined in the last three decades. A shift to annual cropping on steep slopes has caused erosion and exacerbated flooding that affects the slopes, as well as the productive plain areas. The magnitude of flooding has increased, water supplies have become much more erratic, and both lives and livelihoods are under threat. At the same time, ground water levels in the plains have dropped substantially due to growing urban demand, and water has become increasingly brackish as seawater replaces fresh water.
Haiti currently lacks elected mayors and municipal and town councils. In addition, one-third of the country’s 30 Senate seats are now vacant, after the terms of the previous office holders expired in May 2012. While the Government of Haiti (GOH) has publicly committed to holding partial Senate and local elections by the end of 2013; this will be a vastly complex process, with nearly 1,420 open seats expected to be contested by over 30,000 candidates. It will also be the first election organized since the promulgation of constitutional amendments in 2012, mandating a 30 percent quota of women in political parties and public life.
USAID’s Parliamentary Strengthening Program (PSP) aims to improve Parliament’s ability to conduct the business of the Haitian people in a transparent, accountable, and professional manner, with the objective of increasing popular support for democratic political processes and supporting greater stability in the country.
Last updated: February 12, 2015