USAID has worked in Haiti for approximately 50 years, helping to mitigate the impact of natural disasters and periods of political instability, while increasing long-term economic growth and security. USAID assistance has focused on supporting sustained economic growth by attracting private investment and increasing agricultural output; expanding access to health care and education; supporting the transition to democracy; and protecting human rights. Examples of past interventions include:
- Investment in the secondary cities of Jacmel and Cap Haitien to stimulate tourism;
- Implementation of conservation projects to preserve Pic Macaya National Park;
- Support for the growth of premium coffee beans for export and establishment of relationships between farmers associations and exporters, leading to the establishment of the successful and self-sustaining Haitian Bleu coffee export industry;
- Implementation of HIV/AIDS and family planning programs, helping to decrease HIV/AIDS rates from 6.7 percent in 1998 to 2.2 percent in 2008, and fertility rates from 6.3 children per woman in the 1960s to 3.5 children in 2008; and
- Encouragement of popular participation in local and national governance and support for a free and fair electoral process, helping to facilitate a smooth transition of power during the most recent presidential elections.
The January 2010 earthquake expanded USAID’s portfolio in Haiti to include infrastructure and energy, in support of the post-earthquake reconstruction process. USAID is currently implementing projects based on the Post-Earthquake USG Haiti Strategy, under the leadership of the Government of Haiti.
Last updated: January 28, 2015