Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Haiti

April 1, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of Haiti
CIA World Factbook
  • Haiti imports approximately 50 percent of its food, demonstrating strong dependence on the international market. Half the population of Haiti lives on less than $1.25 per day, and three quarters lives on less than $2 per day, making Haiti extremely vulnerable to the cost of food and price spikes in the global food market.     

  • Drought in the Southeast, the Northwest, Central Plateau and the North led to poor or failed harvests early in 2013. Although the later part of 2013 witnessed improved crop production in some regions of the country; since November of 2013, rains have been insufficient in the Northwest and the North and the bean harvest in many localities in Central Haiti have failed.  A longer period of time between harvests is therefore being experienced which is likely to cause increases in food prices and reduced household access to food in these areas.

Food Assistance Programs

  • FFP and partner CARE have launched a new development program to reduce food insecurity. The four-year, $80 million project is directly supporting the Government of Haiti’s (GOH) social protection efforts to prevent hunger and malnutrition by implementing a safety net program that will build demand and improve access for locally-produced, nutritious foods among vulnerable households. Over the next four years, the program will be implemented in five departments, with the goal of eventually being replicated nation-wide, providing 18,150 households with food vouchers and 205,000 households with maternal and child health and nutrition interventions.  Working with the Government of Haiti’s Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor (MAST), other government agencies and other donor-supported programs, the program is also establishing a national household level targeting database system and supporting the establishment of an innovative food voucher-based social safety net system under MAST leadership. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $20.0 million 4,380 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $38.9 million 14,970 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $35.6 million 10,130 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $64.4 million 21,430 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $244.6 million 152,960 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $8.0 million 4,380 MT
Title II Emergency ---- ----
Emergency Food Secuirty Program (EFSP) ---- ----
Community Development Funds (CDF) $12.0 million ----

Food Security Situation information is provided by FEWS NET and WFP as of March 2014
FY 2011, 2012 and 2014 contributions include Community Development Funds (CDF)

Country Specific Guidance

Last updated: April 01, 2014

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