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Since the destructive January 12, 2010, earthquake, the U.S. Government has committed over $3.7 billion toward relief, recovery, and reconstruction, of which approximately $2.7 billion has been disbursed as of December 31, 2013.
To address critical post-earthquake needs, the U.S. Government committed $1.3 billion in humanitarian relief assistance (rapid, life-saving emergency assistance). This relief assistance supported the deployment of search-and-rescue teams, provided emergency food assistance and safe drinking water, installed latrines and water systems, provided emergency shelter, re-established medical supply chains, and restocked medical supply inventories. This assistance also included funding to help address the October 2010 cholera outbreak through treatment and prevention.
Reconstruction and Development Assistance
The U.S. Government committed an additional $2.4 billion in reconstruction and development assistance to support Haiti’s recovery and long-term reconstruction activities. Funding supports activities in four U.S. Government development pillars identified in the five-year U.S. Government Haiti strategy: (1) Infrastructure and Energy, (2) Food and Economic Security, (3) Health and Other Basic Services, and (4) Governance and Rule of Law. Some of these activities marked the transition from emergency assistance to longer-term reconstruction, including rubble removal and housing solutions; construction of semi-permanent classrooms to allow over 60,000 students to return to school; support and technical assistance for the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission; and funding for Haitian debt relief. Activities are coordinated with the Government of Haiti and local stakeholders to help ensure sustainability and a long-term positive impact on Haiti’s reconstruction and economic development. Highlights of key U.S. Government reconstruction and development activities include: construction of a 10 megawatt electricity plant to support job creation at the Caracol Industrial Park; support to help raise incomes and increase crop yields for farmers; support for housing solutions such as rental vouchers, repairs to earthquake-damaged homes, and new construction; pioneer mobile banking efforts; allow easier access to finance for micro-, small- and medium-size enterprises through the extension of loan guarantees; provision of a basic health package targeted to reach approximately 50 percent of Haitians; support to help increase physical access for students and teachers with disabilities; and funding for first and second round presidential elections in 2011.
Empowering Haitian-Owned Organizations
USAID is working in strong partnership with the people and the Government of Haiti toward our common goal of a prosperous, stable country. Our development assistance is increasingly targeted to strengthen local capacity; through February 2014, USAID provided more than $84 million to over 500 local organizations through sub-contracts and sub-grants. Moving forward, the U.S. Government’s goal is to increase local contracting as reconstruction programs continue to be designed and awarded. The U.S. Government will work specifically to build the capacity of Haitian organizations to receive direct funding for implementing U.S. Government projects and will provide technical assistance directly to Haiti’s central and local governments and the Haitian Parliament to build government capacity, as this is essential for local ownership and sustainability.
The U.S. Government is also funding new and innovative projects and encouraging Haitian entrepreneurship through USAID’s Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) program, Leveraging Effective Application of Direct Investments (LEAD) project, Local Enterprise and Value Chain Enhancement (LEVE) project, and USAID’s public private partnerships. With an emphasis on innovations that can succeed in the Haitian context, DIV offers funding for innovative proposals that demonstrate high prospects for success. Simultaneously, LEAD partners with Haitian businesses and U.S.-based investors. Since 2012, this project has awarded over a dozen grants to Haitian organizations as part of its business plan competition. Public-private partnerships encourage private firms to partner with USAID, bringing their expertise and financial contribution to project implementation. This allows USAID and its partners to leverage their investments. In addition, a recently awarded LEVE project aims to create jobs in target industries and sectors in the Port-au-Prince, Saint Marc, and Cap Haitien development corridors by building more inclusive and productive value chains.
For more information on funding, go to http://www.usaid.gov/faq-usaid-funding-haiti.
Last updated: April 05, 2014