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Global Climate Change

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While Mexico is responsible for 1.5 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions and ranks 12th among the largest emitting countries, it is a global leader in combating climate change.

Siijil Noh Ha sustainable ecotourism project in Quintana Roo.
Local residents discuss forest management for the Siijil Noh Ha sustainable ecotourism project, near Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Quintana Roo.
ABT Associates

In 2009, Mexico adopted a long-term, economy-wide strategy aimed at reducing the country’s emission levels by 30 percent in 2020 and by 50 percent in 2050, compared to 2000 levels. Mexico also passed a comprehensive climate change law in 2012 - the second country in the world to do so after the United Kingdom - that commits the country to 35 percent of Mexico's energy to come from clean sources by 2024 and requires government agencies to use renewable energy. Mexico has already made progress towards these targets, with 22 percent of its electricity generated through renewable and clean fuel sources by 2013.   

USAID supports national and subnational policy development to advance Mexican-led climate change initiatives. USAID supports Mexican efforts to remain committed to a low-carbon future through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the energy and forestry, land-use and land-use change sectors. Further, USAID supports Mexico’s efforts to establish internationally robust systems for monitoring, reporting and verifying emission rates and reductions, strengthening policies and institutional and technical capacities, and creating a sustainable source of financial support for programs that help mitigate climate change. 

Recent Results

  • Produced a low emissions development strategy (LEDS) modeling tool to evaluate Mexico’s baseline emissions.
  • Provided mitigation cost curves and a cost abatement scenario, which served as the technical basis for the National Climate Change Strategy.
  • Analyzed state and federal regulatory changes necessary for implementation of the General Law on Climate Change (GLCC) and presented this analysis to the Mexican Congress.
  • Developed a Renewable Energy Grid Integration Road Map, an essential planning document for the Government of Mexico to set yearly renewable energy targets accurately to achieve its mandate of 35 percent of energy production from renewables by 2024.
  • Produced reports on Baja California’s metal-mechanic sector and areas of opportunity for wind turbine component supply by local businesses as part of a wind energy supply-chain initiative.
  • Prepared the work plans for the monitoring, reporting and verification systems of State Climate Action Plans in Baja California, Distrito Federal and Morelos.
  • Completed needs assessment and energy management studies for nine municipal utility sites in Baja, California.
  • Supported the expansion of the Cleantech Challenge Mexico to eight regions throughout Mexico. Cleantech Challenge Mexico is a business competition that promotes the development of innovative green projects. In its 2013 edition, over 1,000 proposals were received from every state and the Distrito Federal, and over 200 clean technology businesses joined the competition. 

Download the Global Climate Change information sheet. [PDF, 612.1 kb]

Last updated: November 20, 2014

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