Food Aid Reform

Food Aid Reform is a more agile and modern approach to global food assistance. This new model pairs the continued purchase of the best of American agriculture with the flexibility of increased local and regional purchase, cash transfers, and electronic vouchers. In the FY 2015 budget proposal, President Obama proposed that up to 25 percent of Title II resources be available for these flexibile interventions.

Last year, President Obama proposed common sense reforms that would enable us to reach up to four million more people in food crises around the world with the same resources, by making the successful USAID Title II program more flexible, efficient and effective. This year, the President’s request builds on positive reforms enacted in 2014 that will enable USAID to reach more people annually with the same resources in chronically food insecure communities, including about 600,000 more people through the 2014 Farm Bill, and another 200,000 people in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014.

The flexibility provided in the Farm Bill will allow USAID to practically eliminate monetization (the sale of commodities overseas to fund development activities) above the 15% floor required by law, while also providing additional flexibility for use in all Title II programs. These changes reduce costs and offer USAID a wider range of programming options that can improve program outcomes and help achieve more sustainable results, particularly within development programs.

In the FY 2015 budget request, the President seeks to build on these important changes, and further expand the reach and impact of life-saving emergency food operations. The FY 2015 request seeks additional flexibilities within the Title II account that will allow USAID to reach about two million more people in emergency crises each year.  

Local and Regional Purchase in DRC

To learn more about how USAID chooses to respond to food assistance needs, visit Food for Peace Criteria for Response.

To learn more about types of USAID emergency food assistance, visit Types of Emergency Food Assistance.

"South Sudan and the Central African Republic are just the latest examples of the acute humanitarian need that exists around the world today. From Syria to Sudan to Ethiopia, from Yemen to the Democratic Republic of Congo to parts of the Sahel in West Africa, we are working swiftly to reach hungry people and saves lives. But as conflicts continue and the world sees more recurrent and dramatic weather events, we will need to meet ever increasing demands on our emergency food accounts with flexibility and speed,” says Dr. Rajiv Shah, USAID Administrator.

Last updated: March 13, 2014

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