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Summary of Major Programs, FY 2011-2013 [PDF, 436 KB]
A brief description of USAID's major programs and their funding levels.
USAID is interested in creating a body of knowledge to support effective gender integration into future Development Credit Authority (DCA) programming. Therefore, this report focuses on the motivation, impact, and lessons learned of utilizing a DCA risk-sharing agreement, coupled with technical assistance, that specifically targets women-owned small to medium enterprise.
A comprehensive assessment of rural youth livelihoods in Ethiopia conducted over 6 weeks in May and June 2012.
Ethiopia Early Grade Reading Assessment [PDF, 5 MB]
In May and June 2010, an early grade reading assessment, a study of the reading skills in Ethiopia in a variety of areas, was performed in eight regions in Ethiopia. The purpose was to investigate the children’s reading skills in the context of the General Education Quality Improvement Program and the rapidly changing primary school environment in Ethiopia.
The Education Impact Assessment team was tasked with reviewing USAID assistance to education in Ethiopia since it began in 1994. The assessment focused on the impacts of this assistance on 1) education access, equity and quality, and 2) on the management systems and institutional capacities to plan, assess and implement improvement strategies.
Feed the Future
This paper brings up potential land use rights in terms of transactions. The paper aims at promoting discussions and more studies in the land transaction aspect of the land tenure system of the country. Doing so would help to encourage good practices and to indicate areas requiring improvements. Key words: legal instrument, public property, land use right, transaction, tenure security.
USAID's Livestock Market Development project is designed to improve the incomes and nutritional status of Ethiopian farmers and other stakeholders along the livestock value chain. Key goals include increasing productivity and competitiveness of selected livestock value chains, and spurring investment and innovation all in an environmentally and economically sustainable way. This report explores market opportunities, Ethiopian competitiveness, and recommendations for Ethiopian export development in selected export markets for live animals and livestock products including meat, leather and leather products. All of these products are derived from cattle, goats and sheep endemic to Ethiopia.
Livestock Market Development: Five Year Strategy [PDF, 1 MB]
This document describes the Livestock Market Development (LMD) project's strategy to support the improvement of Ethiopia's livestock industry. It includes strategies for the three LMD value chains: Meat and Live Animals; Hides, Skins and Leather; and Dairy Products.
USAID prepared separate value chain analyses for Meat and Live Animals; Hides, Skins and Leather; and Dairy products. Each Value Chain Analysis (VCA) has been prepared as a stand-alone document. There are numerous linkages amongst the value chains, and these are discussed. The VCAs describe and analyze the market factors, value chain performance against key metrics, product flow, core actors and their transactional and collaborative relationships, incentives for investment, inputs and services, other supporting actors, enabling environment, and gender concerns. Main findings are summarized in terms of barriers to value chain competitiveness and possible responses.
Lifting Livelihoods with Livestock [PDF, 3 MB]
A review of REST’s livestock value addition practices in Raya Azebo, Ethiopia and potentials for diversification by Yacob Aklilu. From November 2011.
Milk Matters: The Impact of Dry Season Livestock Support on Milk Supply and Child Nutrition in Somali Region, Ethiopia [PDF, 3 MB]
This report covers two cohort studies designed to assess the impact of community-defined livestock interventions on the nutritional status of young children over the dry season in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Where the international response to malnutrition has typically been reactionary in these areas, with the provision of a food basket and establishment of selective feeding as acute malnutrition rises, this study aimed to reveal the potential cost savings, both short and long term, economic and social, of a more preventative approach.
Ethiopia is a country of contrasts. Some regions produce food surpluses each year, while others face chronic food insecurity. Recognizing the central role of agriculture in the economic development of the country, USAID’s Feed the Future (FtF) Strategy addresses Ethiopia’s strengths and opportunities across its regions, with a particular focus on productive areas that have previously received little investment..
The Next Stage in Dairy Development for Ethiopia [PDF, 1.81 MB]
This study takes a value chain approach to identify the constraints, opportunities, interventions and possible impact for the dairy sub-sector from input supply to final consumption of milk and milk products. The report identifies areas where USAID/Ethiopia funds can be leveraged to gain maximum impact for the largest number of beneficiaries.
Food by Prescription: Measuring the Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of Prescribed Food on Recovery from Malnutrition and HIV Disease Progression among HIV+ Adult Clients in Ethiopia [PDF, 922 KB]
Great strides have been made over the last 20 years in the long-term management of HIV infection in developing countries, resulting in improved immune function, reduced mortality, and prolonged survival. The USAID Ethiopia Food by Prescription program provides therapeutic food along with nutritional assessment and counseling to malnourished HIV+ individuals.
Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011 [PDF, 3 MB]
The 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey was conducted by the Central Statistical Agency under the auspices of the Ministry of Health. The preliminary report containing results of selected variables was released in October 2011 and this final report presents the details of the findings of the survey including results released earlier.
Working Together With Communities: A Case Study of IFHP and Ethiopia's Health Extension Program [PDF, 3 MB]
This brochure documents advances made in the Health Extension Program with particular emphasis on nutrition interventions. Gursum Woreda in East Hararghe Zone is used as an example to show the efforts made by the health system at each level to make the Health Extension Program a success.
Water Development in Ethiopia's Pastoral Areas: A synthesis of existing knowledge and experience [PDF, 4 MB]
In Ethiopia’s arid areas, where pastoralism is the dominant livelihood, practical field experience over the past forty years indicates that water development divorced from an in-depth understanding of pastoral livelihoods can compromise sustainable development in the long term, even if it stems water shortages in the short term.
IASC Real Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis [PDF, 4 MB]
This real time evaluation is one of four commissioned by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee, looking at the response to the Horn of Africa drought and food security crisis. In total some $2.8 billion was raised for the response, with $820 million going to Ethiopia. In such large scale operations it is now standard practice to commission inter-agency evaluations.
Money to burn? Comparing the costs and benefits of drought responses in pastoralist areas of Ethiopia [PDF, 777 KB]
From the Journal of Humanitarian Assistance.
A Climate Trend Analysis of Ethiopia [PDF, 4 MB]
This brief report, drawing from a multi-year effort by USAID's Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), examines recent trends in March-June, June-September, and March-September rainfall and temperature, identifying significant reductions in rainfall and increases in temperature over time in many areas of Ethiopia.
USAID Global Policy and Strategy Papers
USAID’s Democracy, Human Rights and Governance (DRG) Strategy provides a framework to support the establishment and consolidation of inclusive and accountable democracies to advance freedom, dignity, and development. Support for DRG is vital to the pursuit of freedom and national security, and is essential to achieve the Agency’s and the United States Government’s broader social and economic development goals.
USAID Water and Development Strategy 2013 - 2018 [PDF, 2.3 MB]
This is the US Agency for International Development’s (USAID) first globalWater and Development Strategy. It is intended to provide a clear understanding of USAID's approach to water programming. This Strategy emphasizes how sustainable use of water is critical to save lives, promote sustainable development, and achieve humanitarian goals.
The goal of the U.S. Government Action Plan on Children in Adversity is to achieve a world in which all children grow up within protective family care and free from deprivation, exploitation, and danger.
To promote economic growth, reduce poverty, and build healthy communities, women and girls must have greater access to and control of key resources and opportunities. Addressing the needs of women and girls as part of efforts to promote economic prosperity will have huge spillover benefits; it will foster economic security and stability for women and men, their families, and whole communities.
Youth in Development [PDF, 1.4 MB]
This Policy on Youth in Development is the first of its kind for USAID. It is both timely and necessary as more than half of the world’s population today is under the age of 30, with the vast majority living in the developing world. The policy is predicated on emerging best and promising practice for youth development and engagement that are gleaned from USAID and partner’s experience in youth programming, as well as through consultations with young people across the developing world.
The purpose of this strategy is to establish a government-wide approach that identifies, coordinates, integrates, and leverages current efforts and resources to prevent and respond more effectively to gender-based violence globally. The strategy provides Federal agencies with a set of concrete goals and actions to be implemented and monitored over the course of the next three years.
USAID Policy Framework 2011- 2015 [PDF, 897 KB]
This document, the USAID Policy Framework 2011-2015, is the first in what will become a regular strategic exercise every four years, closely tracking the QDDR cycle. Its purpose is to provide our staff and partners worldwide with a clear sense of our core development priorities, translate the PPD-6 and the QDDR (as well as future iterations of the QDDR and relevant Presidential directives) into more detailed operational principles, and explain how we will apply these principles across our entire portfolio. The Framework also lays out the agenda for institutional reform known as USAID Forward, which is preparing the Agency to respond to the development challenges of the coming decades.
Last updated: October 28, 2013