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USAID focuses on saving millions of lives by supporting the Government of Ethiopia to strengthen treatment, detection, and referral services to combat Tuberculosis in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has the seventh highest Tuberculosis (TB) burden in the world. With the Global Health Initiative, USAID will improve and expand TB diagnostic and treatment services and screening in rural areas and among HIV positives, who make up 20 percent of TB cases each year. USAID TB activities provide support to increase availability and demand for TB prevention, care and treatment services through improved national and regional level TB activity management and technical capacity; achieve universal DOTS coverage; scale-up programmatic management of MDR-TB; enhance collaborative TB/HIV services; strengthen health systems with a focus on improving TB drugs and commodities supply, monitoring and evaluation of TB programs; and human resource capacity development.
Achievements of USAID funded TB activity efforts include strengthened TB activity capacity at national and regional levels including enhancing private sector involvement through PPM-DOTS (Private Public Mix DOTS), expanded TB laboratory microscopy and culture capacity, and MDR-TB activity expansion. USAID supported Ethiopia achieve TB case detection rate to 72 percent, treatment success rate of 84 percent and reduce TB mortality to 18 percent (WHO Global TB Report 2012).
Help Ethiopia Address Low TB (HEAL TB): Improve TB detection and treatment in populous Amhara and Oromia regions by providing comprehensive tuberculosis program support at regional, zonal, Woreda and health facility levels as well as strengthening community level TB program support through the existing Health Extension Program
TB CARE I: Provide support on a national level to TB treatment expansion and enhancement, TB/HIV collaboration, Multi-Drug Resistant TB treatment and detection, and health system strengtheningprogram support through the existing Health Extension Program
Private Health Sector Program (PHSP): Enhance the private public partnership in TB control program through implementation of PPM-DOTS and covers selected private facilities in five administrative regions and two administrative citiest through the existing Health Extension Program
Last updated: April 16, 2014