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Tuberculosis

A mother and child on multidrug-resistant treatment at Borumeda Hospital
A mother and child on multidrug-resistant treatment at Borumeda Hospital
Dr. Yohanes Molla, HEAL TB/MSH

USAID focuses on saving thousands of lives by supporting the Government of Ethiopia to strengthen treatment, detection, and referral services to combat Tuberculosis (TB) in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has the eighth highest TB burden in the world. With the Global Health Initiative, USAID will improve and expand TB diagnostic and treatment services and screening in rural areas and among HIV positives, who make up 20 percent of TB cases each year. USAID TB activities provide support to increase availability and demand for TB prevention, care and treatment services through improved national and regional level TB activity management and technical capacity; achieve universal DOTS coverage; scale-up programmatic management of Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR-TB); enhance collaborative TB/HIV services; strengthen health systems with a focus on improving TB medicines and commodities supply, monitoring and evaluation of TB activities; and develop human resource capacity.

Achievements of USAID funded TB control efforts include strengthened TB program capacity at national and regional levels including enhancing private sector involvement through private public mix-directly observed treatment, short-course (PPM-DOTS); expanded TB laboratory microscopy and culture capacity; community TB care; and MDR-TB activity expansion. USAID helped Ethiopia achieve treatment success rates of more than 90 percent and TB case detection rate of 59 percent which still needs further enhancement to reach the global targets. TB mortality has been reduced to 18 percent (WHO Global TB Report 2012). Through USAID support, Ethiopia has been able to start the treatment of almost 1,200 MDR-TB patients nationally by the beginning of 2014.

Activities Include

  • Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance (HEAL TB): Improve TB detection and treatment in populous Amhara and Oromia regions by providing comprehensive tuberculosis program support at regional, zonal, woreda (district) and health facility levels as well as strengthening community level TB program support through the existing Health Extension Program

  • TB CARE I: Provide support on a national as well as regional (Tigray and SNNP regions) level TB treatment expansion and enhancement, TB/HIV collaboration, MDR-TB treatment and detection, and health system strengthening program technical and management support at national and regional levels

  • Private Health Sector Program (PHSP): Enhance the private public partnership in TB control program through implementation of PPM-DOTS and covers selected private facilities in five administrative regions and two administrative cities through the existing private health service providers

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Last updated: November 13, 2014

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