Map of Ethiopia

Maternal and Child Health

A happy baby at health post for a check-up
A happy baby at a health post after receiving a check-up

USAID supports integrated packages of evidence-based interventions delivered across a continuum of care at family, community and facility levels. Ethiopia has one of the world’s highest rates of maternal deaths and disabilities in the world. Women have a one-in-52 chance of dying from childbirth-related causes each year. Every year, more than 257,000 children under age five die and 120,000 die in the first month of life. More than 60 percent of infant and 40 percent of under-five deaths in Ethiopia are neonatal. By increasing availability of services like skilled birth attendance and essential newborn care/treatment—especially to underserved populations—USAID aims to reduce maternal, neonatal, and child mortality rates.

Achievements of USAID benefiting Ethiopian women and children include the scale up of proven interventions such as a comprehensive maternal health package through the health extension worker program; roll-out of basic obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC), Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses, and integrated community case management of childhood illnesses; and increased coverage of skilled birth attendance, immunizations, early identification, and care and treatment of sick children.

Activities include

  • Integrated Family Health Project (IFHP): Strengthen and promote increased use of high-impact family planning, maternal, newborn and child health practices, products and services. IFHP provides an integrated package of family planning and reproductive health, maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Investments directly support the Health Sector Development Plan and the Health Extension Program with a focus on delivery of key services and products through a continuum of quality care from the health center to the health post and community level in rural, peri-urban and hard-to-reach parts of the country. IFHP supports 302 woredas (districts) in the Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Tigray regions and the emerging regions of Benishangul-Gumuz and Somali. The activity benefits approximately 35.2 million people—roughly 40 percent of the entire population of Ethiopia.

  • Polio Disease Surveillance and Response: Assist the Government of Ethiopia in achieving certification levels for polio eradication through a strong and reliable acute flaccid paralysis surveillance and high level of immunization coverage.

  • Last Ten Kilometers (L10K): Expand demand, access and use of interventions to improve maternal, newborn and child health outcomes. USAID’s support complements the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-funded activities to increase access to selected maternal, newborn and child health interventions including basic emergency obstetric and newborn care and scale up of integrated community based case management of childhood illnesses in selected zones of Oromia Region.

Feature Articles

Photo Galleries



Related Resources

Child Survival Logo

Related News


Last updated: May 21, 2015

Share This Page