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Water and Sanitation


Image of male farmer in the Sinai in Egypt.
Investments in modern irrigation systems in the Sinai generate agricultural income for small farmers.

USAID has worked to provide potable water and sanitation in Egypt since 1979, helping to almost triple the amount of clean water available to Egyptians on a daily basis.

Working in partnership with the Government of Egypt, there has been a significant expansion of services and important sector reforms. New and upgraded facilities have improved the health and living conditions of more than 22 million Egyptians. 

In recent years, USAID’s focus has shifted from large capital investments in major urban areas to broader sector reform and smaller investments in rural areas.


USAID works with Egyptian counterparts to:

  • Advance policy, legal and regulatory changes that build on major reforms that began in 2004 with the creation of a regulatory agency and holding company;
  • Improve operations and management at the holding company and its regional water and sanitation subsidiaries; and
  • Construct and upgrade water and wastewater facilities in underserved cities and rural areas. 

Project Areas

Potable Water and Sanitation Investments:  USAID’s primary emphasis is on water sector reform; However, USAID is funding slow-sand filter water treatment plants, which cost significantly less than conventional technologies; and high-quality wastewater collection systems and treatment plants. 

Water Management:  As part of a national policy, Egypt has introduced integrated water resource management in districts covering nearly half of Egypt’s agricultural land. USAID partners with the Egyptian people to promote participation by farmers in improved water management through the development and training of water users associations. 

Last updated: March 19, 2015

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