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Over the last 35 years, Egypt has made progress in providing access, increasing enrollment and closing the gender gap in basic education.
USAID collaborates with the Government of Egypt in developing a learning environment where teachers inspire, students think critically, and communities participate actively in their schools. USAID support for basic education focuses on schools in underprivileged urban areas. Support for higher education includes workforce development and scholarships for undergraduate degrees from universities in Egypt and post-graduate degrees in the U.S.
We are improving the efficiency, quality and relevance of Egypt’s overall education system to help Egypt be competitive in the global economy. Future support will help facilitate implementation of reforms throughout the country, particularly in professional development and improved instruction.
USAID works with Egyptian counterparts to implement programs by supporting:
- Egypt‘s efforts to improve students’ reading, writing and math skills in early grades and to design and implement effective programs nationally;
- Egypt’s Ministry of Education’s efforts to decentralize the education system in order to strengthen local institutional capacity, increase involvement of the community, enhance accountability and increase performance standards;
- Undergraduate scholarships to talented students in high-demand areas critical to Egypt’s sustained economic growth;
- Workforce development programs that provide training and technical education to prepare Egyptian youth for the changing job market;
- The establishment of state-of-the-art, university-based Career Development Centers;
- Collaboration of American and Egyptian scholars on joint research activities and transformative scientific study, particularly in areas highlighting new products, companies and employment.
Basic Education: Approximately 16 million Egyptian children (roughly 90 percent, nearly half of whom are girls) attend 43,000 public schools. While primary school enrollment is high and Egypt has reached an acceptable level of first-tier education indicators, Egyptian children are not receiving the quality of education or skills needed to facilitate ongoing learning.
The United States supports reforms to deliver the core skills of reading, math and writing throughout the primary school experience (grades 1-4) while strengthening community engagement for accountability and transparency. Support to school boards ensures that girls remain in school, schools are secure during periods of unrest and boys do not need to drop out to supplement family income.
We also work with the Ministry of Education to expand the use of technology in classrooms and to pilot model-science high schools.
Higher Education and Workforce Development: Youth unemployment exists primarily because many young people lack the foundational education and technical skills necessary to enter the work force. As a result, USAID has provided opportunities for thousands of Egyptians to attend long-term degree or short-term training programs in the U.S., Egypt, and other countries.
Going forward, USAID’s programs will increase access to education and training for underserved and disadvantaged groups; improve the relevance and quality of workforce development programs, coursework and in-service training; and apply science and technology research to address developmental challenges and promote economic growth.
Last updated: April 13, 2014