Flag of Egypt

Agriculture and Food Security


Image of Egyptian farmer in a greenhouse displaying a box of his red bell peppers.
Egyptian farmers are trained on new horticulture techniques to increase crop quality and yields.

USAID works in partnership with the Egyptian people to increase rural incomes, strengthen crop yields, provide access to credit for small- and medium-sized businesses, and improve trade to ensure long-term sustainability in agriculture. In coordination with the Government of Egypt and the private sector, we implement a range of projects including policy reform, market development, research and extension, skills training, access to credit and infrastructure improvements to strengthen Egypt’s comparative advantages in this sector. 

Project Areas

Agricultural Policy Reform:  Through an agreement between USAID and the Egyptian Government that laid out agriculture policy reform benchmarks, Egypt saw an increase in agricultural productivity as a result of liberalizing agricultural markets, improving the allocation of water resources and increased access to agricultural information. 

Research and Development:  USAID works in partnership with the Government of Egypt to train farmers in the safe use and benefits of agricultural biotechnology. This technology transfer and research aims to increase the volume and value of selected fresh fruit and vegetable exports from small, medium and large producers and exporters. 

Production and Marketing:  To capitalize on Egypt’s comparative advantage in horticulture, USAID works with Egyptians to strengthen productivity through diversifying crops and markets, improving yields and quality of crops, expanding farmers’ access to export markets,and integrating fresh and processing segments of the industry. One result has been a doubling of their average net farmer income over four years.        

Agricultural Workforce and Employability:  USAID is partnering with Egyptian Agriculture Technical Schools to provide training to improve the employability of approximately 100,000 graduates, thereby increasing the incomes of students and their families. In addition to upgrading classrooms and computer labs and training 8,000 instructors in 54 agricultural schools, we are linking educational systems with private workforce needs and linking research institutions with agribusiness needs. 

Last updated: March 19, 2015

Share This Page