While most countries in the East African region have made progress in reducing under-five mortality rates (in accordance with Millennium Development Goal Four, more needs to be done. The three leading causes of childhood deaths (pneumonia, diarrhea and neonatal issues) together account for up to 75 percent of child mortality. Under-nutrition also contributes to half of all deaths of children under five years old.
Countries of East Africa (EA) show some of the world’s highest rates of maternal and child undernutrition. Malnutrition is the underlying cause of over 50 percent of child deaths in the region.
Since 2002, the USAID/EA Office of Regional Health and HIV/AIDS has been developing the capacity of African partners to improve and expand Tuberculosis (TB) prevention, diagnosis and treatment programs.
Last updated: April 24, 2014