Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Djibouti

September 2, 2014

Food Security Situation  

Map of Djibouti
CIA World Factbook
  • Djibouti has a climate unsuited to production of crops other than small amounts of vegetables.  Agricultural production accounts for only three percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and 90 percent of food requirements are imported. Rural livelihoods depend primarily on livestock. As a result, the country is extremely vulnerable to international market changes and rising food prices.

  • Erratic rainfall has led to six consecutive years of drought, causing alarming food shortages, rising prices and high levels of malnutrition. An early start to the dry season, reduced livestock productivity, fewer labor opportunities and lowered access to humanitarian assistance have worsened the situation. Many rural households have migrated within their region or moved into the capital and other towns.

  • Djibouti continues to host to over 21,500 refugees, mostly from Somalia. The refugee population has slowly increased in size over the last year, exacerbating the level of humanitarian need in all sectors in the overcrowded camps.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is assisting approximately 220,000 food-insecure people, including 198,000 rural Djiboutian pastoralists and approximately 21,500 refugees in camps.

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide food assistance to vulnerable groups and refugees countrywide. The program aims to reduce short term hunger among communities affected by recurrent drought emergencies and increasing food prices through targeted relief and recovery interventions while building government and community capacities.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $3.4 million 3,650 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $3.6 million 3,530 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $2.3 million 2,140 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $4.8 million 4,380 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $2.1 million 2.040 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $3.4 million 3,650 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

٭Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP and FEWS NET as of June 2014.

Last updated: September 02, 2014

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