Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by partner ADRA in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)


Key Developments

On February 17, the U.N. launched the 2014 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP), a $592 million appeal outlining response activities to assist approximately 7.6 million people, out of the estimated 14.7 million Yemenis in need of humanitarian assistance.

Clashes between the al-Houthi opposition and Salafist elements in Amran, Hajjah, and Sa’dah governorates have triggered shortages of food, medical supplies, safe drinking water, and other relief commodities. In Amran Governorate, violence displaced nearly 19,300 people during the last week of January 2013, the U.N. reports. Armed actors agreed to a truce on February 4, but tensions are high and humanitarian needs remain.

The number of Yemeni migrant workers returning from Saudi Arabia decreased from a peak of approximately 7,000 people per day in early November 2013 to a daily average of 1,000 people as of January, according to the U.N. Approximately 440,000 Yemenis have returned home since April 2013, when Saudi Arabia announced planned changes to its labor laws. An additional 400,000 people are expected to return within the coming months, according to the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG).

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$39,570,378

USAID/FFP

$95,408,294

State/PRM

$18,885,660

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Yemen Humanitarian Response

$153,864,332

*These figures are current as of December 23, 2013

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 02, 2014

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