Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by partner ADRA in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)

Latest Yemen Fact Sheet


Key Developments

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and its coalition allies have resumed airstrikes in Yemen following the May 17 conclusion of a five-day pause in hostilities, which allowed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to many conflict-affected populations. Airstrikes and localized conflict between various armed groups—including the Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) forces, al-Houthi forces, and smaller armed groups—have resulted in nearly 2,300 deaths and nearly 9,800 injuries since late March. As of May 28, recent violence has displaced more than 1 million people throughout Yemen as of June 2015, according to ​the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (​ OCHA ​)​ .

UN-led talks between parties to the conflict are scheduled to begin June 15 in Geneva. On June 11, a group of 13 humanitarian agencies—including four USAID partners—released a statement urging participants of the talks and the international community to consider the humanitarian needs of conflict-affected populations in Yemen.

Humanitarian conditions have further deteriorated in Yemen due escalating clashes between parties to the conflict, continuing KSA-led airstrikes, and disruptions to regular commercial activity. KSA-enforced maritime shipping restrictions and overland insecurity continue to deter or delay commercial imports, resulting in food, fuel, and other commodity shortages, as well as significant price increases, according to relief organizations. The international humanitarian community is emphasizing the importance of resuming regular commercial activity to meet urgent needs in Yemen and avert further deterioration of the humanitarian situation.

On June 12, OCHA released a revised ​Humanitarian Needs Overview​ for Yemen, stating that approximately 21 million people in Yemen are in need of humanitarian assistance.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$48,564,944

USAID/FFP

$109,900,00

State/PRM

$29,800,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen

$188,264,944

*These figures are current as of June 12, 2015

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: June 15, 2015

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