Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by partner ADRA in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)

Latest Yemen Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Despite a UN-declared pause in hostilities in Yemen scheduled to start on July 10, airstrikes led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and ground fighting between Republic of Yemen ​ Government (RoYG) and al-Houthi forces continue throughout the country, limiting the ability of humanitarian agencies to scale up response efforts. The international humanitarian ​ community is urging all parties to the conflict to agree to another pause in hostilities to ​facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

The escalated violence in July has resulted in additional civilian casualties and damaged key infrastructure, particularly in Aden Governorate. As part of a recent offensive, anti-al- ​ Houthi militias gained control of Aden International Airport, surrounding neighborhoods, ​and most of the Aden Port facilities on July 14, according to the UN. However, al-Houthi ​ fighters maintain control over the majority of populated areas in Yemen and continue to press attacks in Marib and Ta’izz governorates.

During a speech on July 16, Yemeni Vice President Khaled Bahah called for the resumption of government services in Yemen, including water and electricity, and the rehabilitation of other public infrastructure, including airports, seaports, and schools.

On July 21, a UN World Food Program (WFP) chartered ship carrying 3,000 MT of ​emergency food, including approximately 1,200 MT of USAID-provided food assistance, ​ arrived at Aden Port. The Han Zhi was the first major humanitarian vessel to reach Aden since March.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$13,706,594

USAID/FFP

$39,900,000

State/PRM

$20,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen

$74,506,594

*These figures are current as of July 24, 2015

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: July 27, 2015

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