Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by partner ADRA in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)

Latest Yemen Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Violence in the capital city of Sana’a has escalated in early 2015, with renewed clashes between al-Houthi and Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) forces during the week of January 19 leading to the resignation of the RoYG President and Prime Minister, as well as the closure of the U.S. Embassy and other foreign embassies in recent days.

Fighting among Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, al-Houthi, and RoYG forces in 2014 resulted in more than 1,500 deaths and the short-term displacement of approximately 100,000 individuals nationwide, reports the UN and international media.

Despite a scaled-down presence and precarious security conditions, aid agencies have maintained operations and provided assistance, such as food, nutrition support, health care services, and emergency relief supplies, in several conflict-affected areas, including Al Bayda and Marib governorates—where clashes continued during the past month.

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs released the Humanitarian Needs Overview for Yemen on December 22, 2014, indicating that approximately 15.9 million people—61 percent of Yemen’s total population—will require humanitarian assistance in 2015.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$41,290,932

USAID/FFP

$70,000,000

State/PRM

$8,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen

$120,190,932

*These figures are current as of February 13, 2015

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: February 17, 2015

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