Syria

Numbers At A Glance

9.3 million

People in Need of Humanitarian Assistance in Syria

5.5 million

Children Affected by the Crisis in Syria

6.5 million

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Syria

2.6 million

Syrians Displaced to Neighboring Countries

Syria Snapshot

The United States is committed to helping the innocent children, women, and men affected by the ongoing conflict in Syria.

9.3 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, and more than two million people have fled to the neighboring countries.

Secretary of State John F. Kerry announced on January 15, 2014 the United States will provide $380 million in additional U.S. humanitarian assistance to help those affected by the war in Syria. With this additional funding, the United States’ humanitarian assistance since the crisis began is more than $1.7 billion to help those suffering inside Syria, as well as refugees and host communities in the neighboring countries.

Though nearly all of Syria's population is affected by the conflict, Syria's youth are paying the heaviest toll. To keep children healthy, this U.S. government funding ensures vaccination campaigns for measles, rubella, and polio continue for millions of children in the region. The UN estimates that at least 3 million children have dropped out of school since the onset of the crisis, with approximately 2.2 million children out of school inside Syria. This funding supports programs to enhance Syrian children’s access to schools and safe learning spaces, as well as counseling for Syrian youth, the majority of whom have witnessed violence firsthand.

The United States continues to work through all possible channels to deliver aid to those in need in Syria, including through the United Nations, international and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and local Syrian organizations.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SYRIA HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE FY 2012 - 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$370,986,181

USAID/FFP

$530,699,121

State/PRM

$838,084,221

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Syria Humanitarian Response

$1,739,769,523

*These figures are current as of April 10, 2014

Current Syria Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The Syrian crisis has resulted in the death of at least 150,000 people—including approximately 50,000 civilians, an estimated 58,000 pro-Syrian Arab Republic Government (SARG) combatants, and 38,000 non-SARG fighters—since conflict erupted in 2011, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The U.K.-based observatory, which monitors violence in Syria through a network of activists, medical personnel, and security sources, has reported that hostilities could have killed as many as 220,000 people. The U.N. no longer updates its estimate of people killed in the Syrian conflict, citing security issues that prevent it from verifying information sources.

The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) expect below-average May wheat and barley harvests in Syria due to persistent insecurity and drought conditions. Clashes continue to restrict access to farmland, hampering agricultural production as farmers are unable to prepare and tend the land. WFP and FAO have also expressed concern regarding emerging drought conditions detected in Syria’s main croplands. Remote weather data reveal that areas of northwest Syria have received significantly below-average rainfall in recent months. Drought conditions are also affecting crop-producing areas of Aleppo, Dar’a, Hamah, Homs, and Idlib governorates. WFP expects the 2014 wheat harvest to yield between 1.7 and 2 million metric tons (MT), or roughly half of pre-conflict levels.

On March 28, U.N. Emergency Relief Coordinator and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos publicly criticized SARG-imposed access restrictions, forcible population displacement caused by armed actors, and the SARG’s use of barrel bombs—metal barrels packed with shrapnel and explosives that maim and kill. Amid worsening humanitarian and security conditions, access constraints are impeding the ability of relief agencies to provide emergency assistance for more than 3.5 million people living in besieged and hard-to-reach areas, according to the U.N. Amos noted that opening two border crossings on the Syria–Turkey border could potentially expand the U.N.’s humanitarian access to an estimated 1.1 million people in need.


Previous Syria Fact Sheets

Syria – Complex Emergency

FY 2014

03/27/2014 Fact Sheet #11 (374kb PDF) Arabic Translation and map (611kb PDF)
03/13/2014 Fact Sheet #10 (351kb PDF) Arabic Translation and map (633kb PDF)
02/27/2014 Fact Sheet #9 (361kb PDF) Arabic Translation and map (636kb PDF)
02/13/2014 Fact Sheet #8 (591kb PDF) Arabic Translation and map (639kb PDF)
01/30/2014 Fact Sheet #7 (284kb PDF) Arabic Translation and map (559kb PDF)

 

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Last updated: April 14, 2014

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