Sudan

A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
Christy Forster/USAID

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Insecurity continues to cause displacement in Sudan’s Darfur region, where fighting since January has newly displaced more than 388,100 people. As the scale of population displacement increases, fighting and criminality—combined with access restrictions imposed by Government of Sudan (GoS) authorities—continue to jeopardize humanitarian assistance activities targeting vulnerable populations across the region.

Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) forces continues to severely affect civilians in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states—the Two Areas. As humanitarian access to SPLM-N-controlled areas remains restricted, relief agencies are increasingly concerned about humanitarian conditions, in particular the possibility of worsening food insecurity and low immunization levels in recent years.

To date in FY 2014, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided nearly $183.1 million in humanitarian assistance to Sudan, including support for agriculture and food security; economic recovery and market systems (ERMS); health; logistics; nutrition; protection; and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SUDAN IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$57,442,305

USAID/FFP

$99,701,982

State/PRM

$25,950,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Sudan

$183,094,287

*These figures are current as of July 29, 2014.

Background

Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: July 30, 2014

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