A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
Christy Forster/USAID

Key Developments

Due to escalating conflict in the Darfur region, as well as persistent humanitarian needs among populations in the Two Areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, the U.N. estimates that a total of 6.1 million people require humanitarian assistance in 2014—representing a 37 percent increase from 2013 estimates.

As a result of armed conflict in South Sudan, the U.N. reports that an estimated 23,500 people—including refugees and nomadic populations—have arrived in Sudan and Abyei Area since December 15. Although Government of Sudan (GoS)-imposed access restrictions and logistical constraints continue to pose a significant challenge, humanitarian organizations are providing food, emergency relief supplies, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services to new arrivals.

Escalating violence against peacekeepers and aid workers has led to increased security concerns for the humanitarian community in Darfur. In 2013, fighting and targeted attacks killed 16 African Union–U.N. Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) peacekeepers, as well as several relief agency staff, according to the U.N.

In FY 2013 and FY 2014 to date, the U.S. Government has provided nearly $350.4 million to support humanitarian activities in Sudan, including life-saving health and WASH interventions, emergency food assistance, and multi-sector assistance for refugees.






Total USAID Assistance to Sudan


*These figures are current as of February 6, 2014.


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: March 03, 2014

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