Sudan

A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
Christy Forster/USAID

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

According to the UN, fighting between Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and armed rebel groups in Darfur region’s Jebel Marra area—a mountainous region that includes parts of Central Darfur, North Darfur, and South Darfur states and is largely under rebel control and inaccessible to humanitarians—has displaced more than 38,600 individuals as of February 8.

Humanitarian efforts continue to be hampered by insecurity. On January 20, SAF aerial bombardments struck a Médecins Sans Frontières-France (MSF-F) hospital in Frandala village, Southern Kordofan State, international media and MSF report. One MSF-F staff member and one patient were injured in the attack. In addition, unidentified militants killed three Sudanese aid workers and seriously injured a staff member with the Sudanese Red Crescent Society returning from Blue Nile’s Kurmuk locality on February 8, according to the UN and local media.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SUDAN IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$68,254,684

USAID/FFP

$200,174,029

State/PRM

$43,350,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Sudan

$311,778,713

*These figures are current as of February 12, 2015.

Background

Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: February 13, 2015

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