Sudan

A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
A South Sudanese woman who fled to Khartoum during the north–south civil war prepares to return to her homeland with her family.
Christy Forster/USAID

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Heavy rains and resultant flooding since late July have affected more than 277,000 people across Sudan. The Government of Sudan (GoS), the U.N., non-governmental organizations, and international organizations are providing humanitarian assistance to flood-affected populations, reaching at least 150,100 people as of September 9, the U.N. reports.

Following the signing of a country agreement on August 28 with the GoS Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the lifting of a nine-month suspension on September 21, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is undertaking steps to resume humanitarian operations in Sudan. The suspension of ICRC’s activities has negatively affected many conflict-affected and displaced populations across the country due to gaps in critical relief services.

In FY 2014, the U.S. government (USG) provided more than $287 million in humanitarian aid for internally displaced and other vulnerable populations, including refugees, in Sudan. USG-funded activities include support for agriculture and food security; food assistance; economic recovery and market systems; health; logistics; nutrition; protection; and water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO SUDAN IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$60,239,810

USAID/FFP

$189,665,480

State/PRM

$37,150,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Sudan

$287,055,290

*These figures are current as of September 30, 2014.

Background

Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: October 03, 2014

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