Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

More than 1 million Somalis are experiencing Crisis—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 3—or Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity as of August, representing a 20-percent increase in acutely food-insecure populations since January 2014, according to a joint report by the U.N. Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit in Somalia and the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). An additional 2.1 million people are facing Stressed—IPC 2—levels of food insecurity. The U.N. projects that food security in Somalia will deteriorate through the end of 2014 due to poor rains, conflict, trade disruptions, and reduced humanitarian assistance.

In FY 2014, the U.S. government provided approximately $175.5 million in humanitarian assistance to Somalia, including nearly $45.7 million in USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance support for agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, health, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene activities. In addition, USAID's Office of Food for Peace provided approximately $102.5 million in emergency food assistance for food-insecure and displaced persons, while the Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration provided $27.3 million in multi-sector assistance for refugees, internally displaced persons and other vulnerable populations.

USAID AND STATE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO SOMALIA IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Somalia

$45,678,686

USAID/FFP Assistance to Somalia

$102,526,022

State/PRM Assistance to Somalia

$27,300,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Somalia

$175,504,708

*These figures are current as of September 30, 2014

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

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Last updated: October 03, 2014

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