Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

More than 1 million Somalis will face Crisis— ​Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (​ IPC ​)​ 3—or Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity through December, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Additionally, 2.1 million people are likely to experience Stressed—IPC 2—levels of food insecurity during the same period, according to ​the U.N. Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.

During an October 22 briefing to the U​.​N​. ​ Security ​C​ouncil​, ​Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie​ Amos reported that the humanitarian situation in Somalia had deteriorated since June due to insufficient rainfall, ongoing conflict, increased food prices, and a shortfall in humanitarian funding.

Above-average October and November rainfall in southeast Ethiopia and parts of south-central Somalia resulted in flooding along the Juba and Shabelle rivers, displacing more than 34,000 people, according to ​the Office of the ​ U ​.​ N ​.​ High Commissioner for Refugees . In total, floods have affected an estimated 50,000 Somalis and may reduce food security levels for populations in flood-affected areas during the coming months.

USAID AND STATE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO SOMALIA IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Somalia

$45,678,686

USAID/FFP Assistance to Somalia

$157,526,023

State/PRM Assistance to Somalia

$27,300,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Somalia

$230,504,709

*These figures are current as of November 18, 2014

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

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Last updated: November 19, 2014

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