Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The security situation remains volatile in parts of Somalia, as al-Shabaab militants continue to conduct armed attacks on civilians, humanitarian personnel, and Federal Government of Somalia (FGoS) officials. On April 20, al-Shabaab detonated explosives near a van operated by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Nugal Region’s Garowe town, resulting in six deaths and injuring nine persons.

The Family Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) released an April-to-September food security outlook for Somalia in late April, reporting that nearly 1 million Somalis are experiencing Crisis or Emergency—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 3 and 4—levels of food insecurity.

Limited household cereal stocks, above-average food prices, and heightened insecurity are expected to result in a deterioration of food security in some parts of south-central Somalia over the coming months. To date in FY 2015, the U.S. government has provided more than $94 million in humanitarian assistance to assist conflict-affected and other vulnerable populations in Somalia.

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

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Last updated: July 02, 2015

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