Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On July 8, members of al-Shabaab targeted the Somali presidential palace—known as Villa Somalia, which also houses several government offices—in Mogadishu. The attackers apparently detonated suicide vests, according to international media. The President of Somalia, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, was not present at Villa Somalia at the time. The latest attack follows a trend of recent violence in Mogadishu, including a suicide car bomb near the Somali Federal Parliament on July 5, which killed at least four people, and the assassination of Somali Member of Parliament Ahmed Mohamud Hayd on July 3—the first anniversary of the launch of the U.N. Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM). Al-Shabaab also claimed responsibility for these attacks.

Food security in Somalia is predicted to deteriorate during the remainder of 2014. Reports from the U.N.'s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit - Somalia (FSNAU) within the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), as well as USAID's Office of Food for Peace
-supported Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), indicate that limited and erratic rains, rising food prices, and violence restricting the flow of goods will worsen the already serious food crisis in the country. Approximately 2.9 million people across Somalia are in need of urgent life-saving and livelihoods support, according to the U.N.

USAID AND STATE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO SOMALIA IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Somalia

$19,874,857

USAID/FFP Assistance to Somalia

$95,216,422

State/PRM Assistance to Somalia

$27,300,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Somalia

$142,391,279

*These figures are current as of July 18, 2014

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

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Last updated: July 22, 2014

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