Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

While the number of Somalis experiencing Crisis—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 3—or Emergency—IPC4—levels of food insecurity is below 1 million for the first time since 2008, an additional 2.3 million people are classified as Stressed—IPC 2—and remain vulnerable to reverting to more acute levels of food insecurity, according to the U.N.

Early January attacks in Somalia’s capital city of Mogadishu by al-Shabaab militants, threats against humanitarian organizations, and multiple incidents of violence by al-Shabaab in December, underscore continued insecurity in the country.

Recent climatic shocks—including a cyclone that struck northern Somalia and seasonal floods that inundated southern areas—caused displacement, contaminated water sources, and destroyed agriculture and livestock, affecting approximately 16,000 households.

In FY 2014 to date, the U.S. Government (USG) has committed more than $46 million for emergency food assistance to disaster and conflict-affected Somalis. This funding supplements ongoing USG humanitarian assistance from FY 2013, including food aid; critical health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions; and multi-sector assistance for refugees and other vulnerable populations, among additional activities.

USAID AND STATE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO SOMALIA IN FY 2013 AND FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Somalia

$45,288,419

USAID/FFP Assistance to Somalia

$123,298,945

State/PRM Assistance to Somalia

$12,800,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Somalia

$181,387,364

*These figures are current as of January 24, 2014

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 28, 2014

Share This Page