Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The UN reports that conflict, limited humanitarian access, and insufficient funding during 2014 have led an estimated 3 million people in Somalia to currently require humanitarian assistance. This includes approximately 731,000 people that will likely experience Crisis—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 3—and Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity between January and June, reports the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network.

On December 8, 2014, the UN launched the 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Somalia, requesting nearly $863 million to meet the needs of nearly 2.8 million Somalis in 2015. The 2015 HRP appeal represents a 7 percent reduction from 2014, which does not reflect an improved humanitarian situation, but rather relates to both ongoing capacity and security challenges that constrain the scale of relief operations, as well as an anticipated increase in development programming. In FY 2014 and to date in FY2015, the U.S. government has provided nearly $230 million to support humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

USAID AND STATE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO SOMALIA IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Somalia

$46,178,686

USAID/FFP Assistance to Somalia

$156,343,600

State/PRM Assistance to Somalia

$27,300,000

Total USAID and State Assistance to Somalia

$229,822,286

*These figures are current as of February 19, 2015

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

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Last updated: February 20, 2015

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