Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Heavy monsoon rains and flooding across eastern Pakistan during September resulted in more than 360 deaths and affected approximately 2.5 million people according to the Government of Pakistan (GoP) National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) as of October 2. NDMA estimates that flooding damaged or destroyed more than 107,000 houses and affected more than 2.4 million acres of crops.

Since mid-June—when the GoP launched a large-scale military operation targeting militant groups in North Waziristan Agency (NWA) in response to the June Tehrik-i-Taliban attack in Karachi—approximately 961,000 people have fled NWA to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, and other parts of Pakistan according to the U.N.'s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Lower-than-average monsoon rainfall resulted in a drought in Southern Pakistan. In early October, the Pakistan Meteorological Department classified the drought in the western Sindh districts of Dadu, Hyderabad, Jamshoro and Sehwan as extreme, while drought conditions in many of the remaining areas of Sindh are classified as mild to moderate.

The GoP has released 64,000 metric tons (MT) of wheat to the U.N. World Food Program as emergency food assistance to displaced populations, the final tranche of 2014 assistance of 150,000 MT.

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

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Last updated: October 06, 2014

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