Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.


Key Developments

Approximately 11,800 families have voluntarily returned to Khyber Agency and South Waziristan Agency as part of a Government of Pakistan (GoP)-facilitated repatriation program. Returns to North Waziristan Agency are temporarily suspended due to low family turnout, but the GoP plans to resume returns in mid-April.
 
Under the leadership of the GoP, humanitarian actors are providing assistance to returnees, including livelihood, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) support. Relief agencies are also providing polio and measles vaccinations to children on a voluntary basis and are supporting the nutritional needs of children and pregnant and lactating women.
 
To date in FY 2015, USAID has provided more than $34 million to support emergency food assistance activities countrywide, as well as for other humanitarian aid in response to drought conditions in Sindh Province and internally displaced persons needs throughout northern Pakistan. In addition, the U.S. State Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration is contributing nearly $2 million for humanitarian protection and health interventions to assist displaced populations.

 

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 15, 2015

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