A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Below-normal rainfall in southeast Sindh Province’s Tharparkar District has resulted in drought conditions in a district that already suffers from endemic poverty and high levels of acute malnutrition, according to the U.N. Between January 1 and March 20, district authorities reported that 166 people—including 99 children—had died in Tharparkar due to a combination of drought, chronic malnutrition, and a lack of health care access. Crop failure and the death of more than 2,000 livestock due to sheep pox and other viral infections spreading among animals have exacerbated food shortages.

The Government of Pakistan (GoP) is leading drought response efforts in Tharparkar, with the Prime Minister committing approximately $10 million in relief assistance on March 10. The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reported that the GoP had distributed more than 15,000 metric tons (MT) of food items—including wheat, rice, and food packs—to affected families as of March 20, while the GoP Livestock Department had vaccinated an estimated 2.2 million livestock, with planned vaccinations for a further 4.5 million animals. Together with U.N. agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the GoP is also providing emergency health services through hospitals, medical camps, and mobile health teams, while the U.N. World Food Program is planning to target approximately 60,000 children and pregnant and lactating women with a supplementary feeding program. Humanitarian organizations estimate that $11.7 million in additional funding is needed to address emergency needs in Tharparkar during the next year.


Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

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Last updated: March 31, 2014

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