Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.


Key Developments

On June 15, the Government of Pakistan (GoP) launched a large-scale military operation targeting militant groups in North Waziristan Agency (NWA) in response to the June 8–9 Tehrik-i-Taliban (TTP) attacks on the city of Karachi’s Jinnah International Airport, which resulted in at least 36 deaths.

The GoP officially designated NWA a conflict zone on June 19, enabling people to register as IDPs. As of June 24, increased fighting had displaced more than 456,500 people from NWA, according to Federally Administered Tribal Areas Disaster Management Authority. Displacement numbers have exceeded the humanitarian community's contingency planning figure of 330,000 IDPs. Current estimates from the U.N. and relief agencies on the ground indicate that the conflict could displace up to 500,000 individuals.

June to September marks the southwest monsoon period in Pakistan. The Pakistan Meteorological Department and the U.N. World Meteorological Organization forecast normal to below-normal monsoon rains for 2014. The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports that below-normal rainfall may impact food security and malnutrition rates in areas already experiencing prolonged periods of dry weather, including Tharparkar District, Sindh Province.

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 27, 2014

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