Niger

Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Community members in Tillabéri Region, western Niger, gather around a local water well.
Richard Jacquot/USAID


Key Developments

Despite a late start to the 2013 rainy season in Tahoua, Tillabéri, and Zinder regions, a period of regular rainfall beginning in June improved crop growth, with seasonal production of millet, sorghum, and corn at or near normal levels as of mid-September, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network. Stable farm labor incomes, reduced food prices, and ongoing food- and cash-assistance programs are expected to keep the majority of Niger’s population at Minimal—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) 1—levels of food insecurity through December 2013. However, vulnerable populations in Niger’s southeastern Diffa Region will likely continue to face Stressed—IPC 2—levels of food insecurity in the coming months, as market cereal prices remain high due to disruptions related to the insecurity in Nigeria, poor road conditions, and an unfavorable outlook for the growing season. The latest U.N. estimate from June placed Niger’s food-insecure population at nearly 3 million people.

In FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) contributed approximately $11 million in humanitarian assistance to Niger, mainly for agricultural and livelihoods interventions—such as cash transfers, temporary employment opportunities, improved access to seeds, and trainings in livestock health maintenance and enhanced agricultural practices—to help communities recover from last year’s food insecurity crisis and to reinforce their capacity to withstand future emergencies. USAID/OFDA also supported health and nutrition activities, including community-based management of acute malnutrition, as well as humanitarian coordination and logistical services. USAID/OFDA assistance benefited more than 233,000 Nigeriens.

In partnership with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP), USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided approximately $20.6 million in direct food commodities and $10 million for cash transfers to assist food-insecure Nigeriens in FY 2013. During the fiscal year, operating through WFP and other existing partners, USAID/FFP shipped more than 13,800 metric tons of food to Niger to reduce chronic food insecurity. With USAID/FFP support, WFP provided targeted food assistance to approximately 2.3 million individuals living in persistently vulnerable and at-risk communities. Through programs continuing from FY 2012, USAID/FFP and partners Africare and Samaritan’s Purse distributed locally and regionally procured food, as well as cash transfers, to more than 114,000 food-insecure beneficiaries.

In FY 2013, U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) provided nearly $9.5 million for health, shelter, livelihoods, protection, and education assistance to Malian refugees living in camps and host communities in Niger. As of late September, approximately 50,000 Malian refugees remained in the country, according to the U.N.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO NIGER IN FY 2013*

USAID/OFDA

$11,079,979

USAID/FFP

$30,534,400

State/PRM

$9,473,920

Total USAID and State Assistance to Niger

$51,088,299

*These figures are current as of September 30, 2013

Background

In 2011/2012, the Sahel—including parts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal—experienced a food insecurity and acute malnutrition crisis that affected approximately 18.7 million people, according to the U.N. As of August 2013, some 11.3 million people throughout the region remained food insecure. Insecurity in the region continues to cause population displacement and disrupt trade flows and normal migration patterns, complicating food security conditions in affected areas.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 30, 2013

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