Kenya

A woman in Kenya’s Isiolo Region leads her camels to water at a well rehabilitated and improved with USAID/OFDA support.
A woman in Kenya’s Isiolo Region leads her camels to water at a well rehabilitated and improved with USAID/OFDA support.
Laura Meissner/USAID


Key Developments

On September 21, gunmen attacked Westgate Mall in Nairobi, killing at least 67 people and wounding 175 others. The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) mounted a robust response to the crisis by providing immediate medical services to victims, launching a countrywide blood drive, assisting with family reunification, offering psychosocial support, and coordinating relief efforts with other partners providing assistance.

On August 9, U.S. Ambassador to Kenya Robert F. Godec issued a disaster declaration in response to an August 7 fire at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) in Nairobi that destroyed most of the airport’s international arrivals hall and related terminal facilities. JKIA is the region’s largest airport, acting as a hub for both economic and human transport, and long-term flight disruption would likely have resulted in serious economic repercussions. Ten USAID/OFDA-procured modular warehouses facilitated JKIA’s rapid return to normal operations.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2013, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $170 million in humanitarian assistance across Kenya, including food, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), and other assistance for Kenyan populations and support for the country’s significant refugee caseload.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO KENYA IN FY 2013*

USAID/OFDA

$10,071,179

USAID/FFP

$106,709,300

State/PRM

$53,630,487

Total USAID and State Assistance to Kenya

$170,410,966

*These figures are current as of September 30, 2013

Background

Although cyclical drought has affected Kenya for years, droughts are becoming increasingly frequent. Following unfavorable rainfall in late 2010 and early 2011, severe drought conditions resulted in sharply deteriorating food security conditions among pastoralists in northern Kenya and populations in rain-dependent marginal agricultural areas. Affected populations experienced loss of livelihoods, lack of food and agricultural resources, and limited access to safe drinking water.

Vulnerable populations across Kenya continue to confront several other challenges—including seasonal flooding, localized inter-communal conflict, above-average food prices, disease outbreaks, and limited access to health and WASH services—that contribute to sustained humanitarian needs in Kenya.

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Last updated: March 03, 2014

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