Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.

Latest Iraq Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Winter weather is negatively affecting displaced families and other vulnerable populations in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Dohuk Governorate experienced the first snowfall of the winter season on January 8, while some areas of As Sulaymaniyah Governorate also experienced heavy rain and snow. Winter conditions in Ninewa Governorate had prompted more than 1,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs)from Sinjar Mountain to seek refuge in villages at lower altitudes as of January 9, according to the UN. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports that humanitarian organizations are monitoring the needs of the most vulnerable IDPs and responding with seasonally appropriate emergency relief commodities, such as heaters, kerosene, winter clothing and blankets.

The UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) reported that insecurity, including acts of terrorism and fighting between armed groups, resulted in at least 35,400 civilian casualties—including nearly 12,300 deaths and 23,100 injuries—in Iraq between January 1 and December 31, 2014. Approximately 63 percent of those casualties took place between June 1 and December 31. Prior to 2014, UNAMI’s highest number of recorded civilian casualties occurred in 2008, when violence resulted in 6,800 deaths and 20,200 injuries. U.S. government agencies have supported the Iraq humanitarian response with nearly $218.4 million in FY 2014 and FY 2015 funding. This includes nearly $10.2 million in FY 2015 assistance from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance for programs providing life-saving assistance to vulnerable Iraqis.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$28,414,349

USAID/FFP

$143,516

State/PRM

$182,295,489

DoD

$7,500,000

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$218,353,354

*These figures are current as of January 14, 2015

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 16, 2015

Share This Page

@theOFDA