Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.


Key Developments

On April 14, U.S. President Barack H. Obama announced nearly $205 million in new U.S. government (USG) funding to meet urgent humanitarian needs in Iraq. The announcement brings the total USG humanitarian funding for conflict-affected populations in Iraq to more than $407 million in FY 2014 and FY 2015. 
 
Between early November 2014 and late February 2015, the international humanitarian community provided sufficient emergency relief assistance to address the acute winter needs of Iraqi IDPs and Syrian refugees, effectively protecting vulnerable populations throughout Iraq from harsh weather conditions.
 
On February 18, the UN launched a Fast-Track Priorities for Iraq document, which identifies the most urgent priorities from the 2014 Strategic Response Plan (SRP)—launched in October 2014—and addresses the $150 million funding shortfall for critical humanitarian activities between February and June 2015. The Fast-Track appeals for immediate funding to continue urgent response activities, with a focus on food assistance; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions; and shelter support.
 
During March, violent conflict resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1,000 Iraqis—including nearly 730 civilians—and injured approximately 2,170 others, according to the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI). In Baghdad—the worst affected governorate—UNAMI reported nearly 1,300 civilian casualties—including more than 360 deaths and nearly 930 injuries. Fighting in Anbar Governorate resulted in an estimated 940 civilian casualties.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$41,964,016

USAID/FFP

$25,143,516

State/PRM

$332,695,489

DoD

$7,500,000

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$407,303,021

*These figures are current as of April 14, 2015

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 24, 2015

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