Iraq

proximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements
On August 4, USAID authorized the UN World Food Program (WFP) to utilize for the Iraq Emergency Operation approximately 15 metric tons of USAID A-29 meal replacement bars already in country, which can meet the daily caloric requirements of 31,000 people.

Latest Iraq Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Ongoing attacks by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have displaced nearly 2 million people in Iraq according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) as of November 9; however, the U.N. estimates the internal displacement figure could be as much as 2.1 million. Between the end of September and early November, IOM tracked and monitored nearly 220,000 newly displaced individuals in Iraq, representing the most significant displacement increase since populations fled the Sinjar area of Ninewa Governorate at the start of August.

On November 4, the U.N. called for $173 million to address the needs of nearly 1.3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who require assistance during the winter months in Iraq. The request is a component of the Iraq Strategic Response Plan (SRP) released in October, which targets the needs of 5 million people in Iraq through the end of 2015. According to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, of the 1.3 million people targeted by the SRP, an estimated 600,000 people require immediate assistance, including winterization support, emergency health care, and water, sanitation, and hygiene services.

Relief organizations anticipate increasing health needs among populations staying in sub-optimal shelter unsuited to winter conditions in Iraq. Humanitarian actors expect approximately one-half of vulnerable IDPs expect to require medical care in the coming months for illnesses such as respiratory tract infections, skin diseases, and deteriorating chronic conditions.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO IRAQ TO DATE IN FY 2014 AND FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$18,249,588

USAID/FFP

$143,516

State/PRM

$182,295,489

DoD

$7,500,000

Total U.S. Government (USG) Assistance to the Iraq Humanitarian Response

$208,188,593

*These figures are current as of November 21, 2014

Background

Since June 10, the armed group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has seized control of several cities in central and northern Iraq, including Mosul—Iraq’s second largest city and home to 2 million people—and Tikrit. The ongoing fighting has prompted thousands of civilians to flee their homes; as of mid-June, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and U.N. reported that approximately 500,000 people fled the violence in Mosul, including approximately 300,000 people who fled to the disputed Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. While the majority of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are staying with host families or have found private accommodations, an increasing number of IDPs are sheltering in camps, open spaces, or empty buildings. Emergency needs among displaced families include shelter, food, fuel, medical services, and access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, according to assessments by IOM and local Iraqi Red Crescent Society. Where security permits access, relief agencies are providing emergency assistance and conducting rapid needs assessments; however, the volume of needs, exacerbated by prolonged acute conflict and continued population displacement, merit additional humanitarian resources. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government have requested assistance to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs.

On June 19, U.S. Ambassador Robert Stephen Beecroft declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of insecurity in Iraq. In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) plans to provide $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support IDPs in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region by distributing emergency relief items, establishing child protection activities, and providing water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. USAID/OFDA staff members in the city of Erbil, Iraq; Budapest, Hungary; and Washington, D.C., continue to monitor humanitarian conditions in coordination with relief agencies in Iraq.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 24, 2014

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