Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Latest DRC Fact Sheet


Key Developments

As of March 31, ongoing violence and insecurity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had resulted in more than 2.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) countrywide, including approximately 190,000 persons newly displaced in the first three months of 2014, according to the U.N. The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports more than 1 million IDPs in North Kivu Province, approximately 518,000 IDPs in South Kivu Province, 367,000 IDPs in Orientale Province, and 500,000 IDPs in Katanga Province.

On May 21, U.S. Ambassador to DRC James C. Swan declared a disaster due to the humanitarian consequences of deportations from Republic of Congo. USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance and USAID's Office of Food For Peace responded with $100,000 each to address the immediate needs of returnees.

To date in FY 2014, the U.S. government (USG) has provided more than $160 million in multi-sector humanitarian assistance to DRC, including food assistance; emergency relief commodities; and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) support. USG humanitarian assistance in DRC benefits IDPs, refugees, and other vulnerable and conflict-affected populations.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO DRC TO DATE IN FY 2014*

USAID/OFDA

$37,186,615

USAID/FFP

$67,081,500

State/PRM

$56,099,751

Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to DRC

$160,367,866

*These figures are current as of June 24, 2014

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

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Last updated: June 25, 2014

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