Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID


Key Developments

UN Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) and the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (FARDC) forces are planning an offensive against the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) elements in North and South Kivu, according to media sources. The UN Security Council authorized MONUSCO to pursue the operation after FDLR did not comply with the Government of DRC (GoDRC)-stipulated disarmament date of January 2. The offensive is the second such effort; the UN supported the FARDC and Rwandan troops to intervene against FDLR in 2009, an event which displaced nearly 1 million civilians.

The humanitarian community has publicly expressed concerns that the 2015 offensive could similarly generate significant needs and exacerbate protection risks, particularly in places where humanitarian access remains poor. The UN reports that the offensive could affect an estimated 350,000 people. In response, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the UN World Food Program are strengthening their emergency response preparedness efforts in North Kivu and South Kivu.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO DRC TO DATE IN FY 2014 & FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$50,136,548

USAID/FFP

$117,725,861

State/PRM

$58,124,097

Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to DRC

$225,986,506

*These figures are current as of February 2, 2015

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

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Last updated: February 04, 2015

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