Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Key Developments

As of December 2013, the ongoing violence and insecurity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had resulted in more than 2.9 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) countrywide, according to the U.N. This figure includes more than 1 million IDPs in North Kivu Province, nearly 579,000 IDPs in South Kivu Province, 550,000 IDPs in Orientale Province, and 402,000 IDPs in Katanga Province.

Although the March 23 Movement (M23) ended combat operations against the Government of DRC (GoDRC) in late November 2013, clashes between GoDRC forces, U.N. peacekeepers, and armed groups continue to negatively impact humanitarian conditions in DRC, particularly in the eastern provinces.

To date in FY 2014, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided nearly $56.7 million in humanitarian assistance to DRC, including emergency food aid; humanitarian logistics support; relief commodity provision; agriculture and food security; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); and protection. USG humanitarian assistance in DRC benefits IDPs, refugees, and other vulnerable and conflict-affected populations.








Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to DRC


*These figures are current as of March 19, 2014


Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 20, 2014

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