Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID


Key Developments

On June 26, UN Secretary-General (SYG) Ban Ki-moon submitted a report to the UN Security Council on the status of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the situation in the country since March 10. In the report, SYG Ban highlighted deteriorating humanitarian conditions in several areas of eastern DRC and a marked increase in killings, kidnappings, and sexual violence. The report noted that insecurity has limited humanitarian access and hampered protection efforts.

Political violence in Burundi since April has forced thousands of Burundians to flee to neighboring countries, including the DRC. As of July 16, nearly 13,400 Burundians were seeking refuge in DRC, with the majority residing in South Kivu Province. At least 7,000 refugees are sheltering at a UNHCR- and Government of DRC-established camp near Lusenda town, Fizi Territory; however, thousands of others continue to reside with host families or at other temporary sites.

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: July 22, 2015

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