Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Key Developments

Due to the ongoing complex emergency and projected humanitarian needs, U.S. Ambassador to the DRC James C. Swan redeclared a disaster for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) on October 3.

Frequent conflict-induced population displacement continues to stretch the already limited capacity of the Government of DRC (GoDRC) and local infrastructure. As a result, vulnerable populations—including internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees, and host communities—lack adequate access to agricultural areas and basic services, and remain in need of humanitarian assistance. Population movements in eastern DRC remain fluid as humanitarian agencies report new displacement and simultaneous returns of conflict-affected populations. From July to September, the number of IDPs in North Kivu Province declined by more than 47,000 individuals, while displaced persons in Katanga Province increased by approximately71,500 people.








Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to DRC


*These figures are current as of October 20, 2014


Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 28, 2014

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