Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID


Key Developments

The UN Security Council passed a resolution on March 26 renewing the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)’s mandate for 12 months. In the resolution, the Security Council reiterated concerns over the ongoing humanitarian situation. The mandate includes a focus on protection of civilians, humanitarian actors, and UN staff from physical violence within MONUSCO’s areas of operation and calls for MONUSCO to work with the Government of the DRC (GoDRC) to mitigate threats to civilians. The renewed mandate stipulates that MONUSCO consider gender issues and child protection in all aspects of its operation.

The Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) launched operations against armed group Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR) on February 24. FARDC forces are engaging FDLR elements in North and South Kivu provinces. Humanitarian actors continue to track displacement and humanitarian needs resulting from the FARDC offensive against the FDLR and other armed groups.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO DRC TO DATE IN FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$7,883,012

USAID/FFP

$44,530,000

State/PRM

$8,400,000

Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to DRC

$60,813,012

*These figures are current as of April 15, 2015

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 16, 2015

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